Although, Milgram said he informed them of this and said they would be paid regardless. This is not a stretch from what happens in a real prison. Ethics - Zimbardo's Study The Zimbardo Prison Experiment The Zimbardo Prison experiment took place in 1971. How do we do something even more outrageous? Once transferred to the mock prison, they were given numbers to replace their names. To sum up, the Zimbardo study sheds the harshest light of perhaps any research ever done on the nature of power and its pervasive corruptive powers. Her fellow researchers teased her about it.
The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment. Debrief- All participants were given a full debrief after the study and fully explained what was expected to be found and why the study was finished early. Since the experimenter had the white coat on, he looked superior and half of the men would go on when told to and keep increasing the shock voltage even though he could hear the learner cry out in pain. Four prisoners had to be released as early as the second day due to extreme emotional reactions, and one developed a psychosomatic rash soon later which also required that he be released. I think that most people would like to think that they would be fair, ethical superiors.
Beneficial reforms in the way prisoners were treated, especially juveniles, did initially occur. After completing a they also had a preliminary interview where participants who had anxiety issues and similar were encouraged not to participate due to the effects of the study, therefore informed consent was obtained. Their psychological state was also analysed. Not surprisingly, many critics believe that Zimbardo should have halted his experiment as soon as the first physical altercation between a prison guard and prisoner took place. The study has been repudiated by major psychological organizations and experts and is considered unethical. These instances have gone on for hundreds of years and will continue.
The most obvious example of this was the selection of participants. Although the participants were initially informed of their right to withdraw their participation in the study, it was subsequently revoked. It feels like you are a deviant. Often, suspects are made to wait hours in a holding cell before they have any means of contacting the outside world. The Stanford Prison Experiment — Overview of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Protection from mental and physical harm.
He is pleased that testimony about the research influenced Congress to change one law so that juveniles accused of federal crimes cannot be housed before trial with adult prisoners, because of the likelihood of violence against them. The length of the debriefing process gives an indication of how much stress and anxiety the participants suffered. Situations are indeed powerful--but the results of this experiment were not so conclusive as they are usually presented. Without realising that they were beginning to really cause psychological pain to the prisoners, they were humiliating them through making them do silly things, or stripping them naked, just to show power. It was the environment of the mock prison and the social roles that the participants had to play that led to their uncharacteristic behaviour. The Study Zimbardo and his colleagues in the Stanford University psychology department were interested in studying social roles and the way they influence people's behaviors.
The few parents who were concerned about the prison conditions appealed to the superintendent, Zimbardo, for special treatment, just as the parent of a real prisoner would Zimbardo, 1999. The participants were recruited through a newspaper ad and underwent tests to ensure that they were physically and psychologically sound before being admitted to the experiment. The whole conversation was conducted on the basis that the student was a prisoner in a prison, asking to be 'released'. The simulation revealed the power of the situation to influence people's behaviour. Upon being given the roles of either prisoners or guards, they were only different by uniforms, but as the experiment progressed, the guards began to change. He believes that future studies like his should have someone oversee them who is not involved in the experiment, so that they can stop it if things get out of control.
I believe these were the findings that Zimbardo was hoping for, but should have already known. Before bringing in the prisoners, the guards received an orientation in which they were told that physical violence was not permitted and that they could run the prison however they wished. It is therefore possible that the study does not serve as a meaningful comparison to real prisoners environments. Debriefing Despite the unethical aspects to Zimbardo's study, he did debrief his participants. Later studies have concluded that abuse in prisons often comes from the top down and that when orders are given these can affect the results. For example, a publicity campaign asking people to intervene, or phone the emergency services if they felt too physically threatened, could justify the ethical risks.
Surprisingly, his fellow inmates viewed him as a troublemaker rather than a fellow victim trying to help them. As Phillip Zimbardo gave the guards their whistles and billy clubs they drastically changed without even realizing it. If an inmate decided not to eat, they would be put in solitary confinement and locked up. What the students knew going into the experiment Within the 6 torturous and stressful days of the simulated prison environment, the prisoners and the guards willingly conformed to the roles that they were given and expected to play. Withdrawal from a Study Zimbardo would not let some of his participants leave, even when they asked.