You may read aloud to yourself, to a tape recorder, or to a colleague or friend. Journal of Second Language Writing. Present your results as figures and tables and point the reader to relevant items while discussing the results. The biggest challenge for many writers is the opening paragraph of the Discussion section. General form of a research paper An objective of organizing a research paper is to allow people to read your work selectively. The last time you updated your outline was before writing the Introduction and the Discussion.
Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing by first author's last name of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. It is good practice to note the one or two that each Table or Figure conveys and use this information as a basis for writing the Results section. The two terms are often used interchangeably, but in the world of there's actually a distinct difference between them. Go back over your paper now and read it carefully; read it aloud. However, even better results are achieved when using our algorithm. What did we know about it before I did this study? Our original resources for authors and journals will help you become an expert in academic publishing. My writer did everything quickly, I liked it.
In this paper we provide an argument that stem cells repopulate injured organs. Table and figures Tables and figures are the best way to present lots of data in a manner that will be quickly and easily understood by the reader. When reading for content and organization, you should control your urge to edit your paper for sentence structure and grammar and focus only on the flow of your ideas and logic of your presentation. Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. General style Specific editorial requirements for submission of a manuscript will always supercede instructions in these general guidelines. Shows that demographic and prognostic variables were evenly balanced in the process of random allocation of subjects to experimental and control groups. Therefore, the simple past tense is the natural choice when describing the results obtained.
Your Results section describes observations of events that have happened already, so the use of the past tense makes sense. Summarize the answers to the research questions. End each statistical test with a sentence or two indicating what that particular statistical result says about the hypothesis or question. At the end of the semester, she was amazed at how much she accomplished without even interrupting her regular lab hours. Be concise, using non-textual elements appropriately, such as figures and tables, to present findings more effectively. Your chapter reference might read something like, The data summarizing the effect of training on employees are presented in Table 2. Separating the data into separate graphs makes it easier for the reader to assess the findings, and consolidating this information into one figure saves space and makes it easy to locate all of the most relevant results.
What did I find out? You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance usually at 0. The results section is not for interpreting the results in any way; that belongs strictly in the discussion section. See the examples in the writing portfolio package. Use of the first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. Print a double space copy with font size 14 and re-read your paper in several steps. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic.
The method section should provide enough information to allow other researchers to replicate your experiment or study. Writing in the sciences: Exploring conventions of scientific discourse. Each of those strategies represents a step in the revision process and should help the writer improve the quality of the manuscript. All patients underwent elective intra abdominal procedures. Start with an outline Now that you have scheduled time, you need to decide how to start writing. Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles.
Treat each hypothesis as a separate section of the chapter. See recommendations for content, below. Your text should complement the graphical information and vice versa. Since you have all your notes, it should not be problematic for you to describe the experimental design and procedures. The Results section of a scientific research paper represents the core findings of a study derived from the methods applied to gather and analyze information. It follows the presentation of the Methods and Materials and is presented before the Discussion section—although the Results and Discussion are presented together in many journals.
Evaluating the medical literature Part I: Abstract, Introduction, Methods. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12. Whereas the can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. Anemia is a condition in which there is insufficient hemoglobin in the blood.