The next issue they had to be compromised on was slavery. State representation was an issue at the Convention because of the conflict between the large and small states. In order to avoid a clash between the slave and free states over whether slavery would be abolished, the Constitution was written so that it put the question off for twenty years and did not mention the word slavery even once. The Three-fifths Compromise settled the issue. The lower house would be elected by the people and the upper house was to be chosen by the members of the lower house. Having realized that the Articles were insufficient, the Constitutional Convention convened in 1787 in Philadelphia, and 55 delegates from all states except Rhode Island attended.
Therefore, rather than fixing the existing Articles, a new constitution was required. Lay and collect taxes or duties, regulate foreign and interstate commerce What government action took place in response to Shay's Rebellion? Washington New nations vice president? Limited government fundamental rights of citizens, ect How did the Petition of Right affect English government? Combined with the separation of powers, the protection of civil liberties, and the ability to create a national identity, the. Slave Trade Compromise Slavery reared its head in another way: some Northern abolitionists wanted to abolish the practice altogether. The Articles had many weaknesses one of its main weaknesses was the power that each individual state had, along with each states representation in Congress. As refuges for victims of England's harsh poor laws, to provide a home for those in search of greater personal and religious freedom, and as commercial ventures New England Confederation 1643 William Pen Plans for Unity 1696 Albany Plan of Union 1754 Stamp Act Congress 1765 Boston Massacre 1770, March 5 Committees of Correspondence 1772 Boston Tea Party 1773, December 16 Intolerable Acts 1774, Spring 1st Continental Congress 1774, September 5 Lexington Concord 1775, April 19 2nd Continental Congress 1775, May 10 Lee Proposes Independence 1776, June 7 Declaration of Independence 1776, July 2 New State Governments 1776, July 4 Articles of Confederation 1781, March 1 Representatives from each of the 13 colonies Delegates Joining of individual states Confederatoin Revoke Repeal Self-government in the early days of the colonies was made possible by the great distance between North America and England. The most important political ramification in the Compromise has to be the Fugitive Slave Act for numerous reasons. It set up a bicameral legislature, where representation in the House of Representatives was based on population and in the Senate each state was guaranteed a fixed two representatives.
Also part of this compromise was the fugitive slave law, which required Northern states to deport any runaway slaves, another win for the South. The New Jersey Plan was the plan that decided that instead of only one representative from each state in the Senate, there should be two. Anti-Federalist Was Alexander Hamilton a Federalist or Anti- Federalist? This ensured equall representation of states in the government. William Paterson, of New Jersey, disagreed with Randolph's plan, fearing that the stronger states would band together and ignore the smaller, less-populous states. Through the Electoral College, the electors are chosen by the states who vote for presidential candidates. James Madison created one of these compromises called the Virginia Plan.
There were two plans that were pushed forward at the convention, the Virginia plan and the New Jersey Plan. This structure laid out a weak national government and strong state governments. The Constitution has an article that says that fugitives from industry must be sent back to the South if they were caught in the North. Each colony had to give something up in order to get what they wanted, and what they ended up with was a common ground, the constitution. The king could not imprison critics without trial by jury, the king could not declare martial law in peacetime, and the king could not require people to shelter troops without a home owner's consent. In addition, states maintained their own Revolutionary War debt, which some states thought was unfair.
Southerners were concerned that they were giving power to a national government that could ban slavery at some point in the future. Many of their leaders had also led during the Revolutionary War. In order for the constitution to go into effect, 9 out of 13 states have to ratify. Constitutional Convention Background The U. The three-fifths clause was established to compromise the different states ideas of representation. So, we are waiting for you.
It also created the opportunity for free blacks to create a livelihood for themselves in Missouri. A common feature of the first State constitutions was that? The first and probably one of the most talked about compromises was the subject of representation. On the one hand, the Northern states took a strong position arguing for the abolition of the slave trade while the Southern states pushed for its continuance claiming it was economically beneficial to all states. Great Compromise -- two plans were provided, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. True As far as Congress was concerned, the main purpose for the 1787 convention in Philadelphia was to revise the Articles of Confederation. The Articles were widely considered to be an ineffective governing document. However, the people still had power, and the government was still based on the people.
After the American Revolution had ended in 1783, the states were left in a vulnerable position. On the other hand the New Jersey Plan, led by the delegates from New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Hampshire, wanted equal representation for every state. . Without these compromises, our country would be running on a basis designed for a different nation, with different priorities and different needs; in order to be successful, a country needs a foundation with the ability to modify so as to accommodate current issues. New Jersey and the other small states would be equal to the populous states because each state would have one vote in a unicameral legislature. Each government would make specific powers to check and balance the other, making the branches equal. The Virginia Plan put more power into the hands of the larger states.
The second compromise was a strong, independent executive branch, with a president who would be military commander-in-chief and could veto the legislation. Anti-federalists believed that the executive branch did not effectively represent the people, and that only the. Most states had been acting almost as separate countries and did not want to create a federal government that could impose its will on them. This statement is very true because everyone at the constitutional Convention had to compromise because there was no way everyone could get what they wanted. Constitution called a bundle of compromises? So, the decision was made to make two seperate representative governments. It also required that all commerce legislation be passed by a two-thirds majority in the Senate, which was a win for the South since it countered the power of the more populous Northern states.