This treaty was the notorious Treaty of Versailles. Separate treaties with Germany, Austria, Hungary were ratified October 18. The Senate on February 9, votes to reconsider the Treaty and referred it to the Foreign Relations Committee. As a result, Germany had to pay reparations to the Allies. But it was not known for being a double-edged sword, as the ending of war came with the consequence of causing future war.
A few opponents believed that the League of Nations threatened the U. The League of Nations was ineffective. It was coordinated by the three world powers at that time, referred to as the Big Three. Unfortunately for Wilson, he was a Democrat, and at the time a majority of the Senate was Republican, and he and the minority Democrats created the 14 points without t … he consul of the Republicans. Everywhere one found a strong impulse to return to old isolationist ways.
Ultimately, five treaties surfaced from the conference that dealt with the overpowered powers. In my opinion, it was the right decision for the Senate to reject the Treaty of Versailles a second time. So the Lodge faction and the incorrigibles formed a big enough voting bloc to ensure the defeat of the treaty in the Senate. But in many ways, the United States benefited a great deal from the war. In June 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was finalized, outlining what was to take place in the post-war world. Most Democrats supported the treaty, but the Republicans were divided.
For example, the Treaty humiliated Germany. Ratification of the Treaty required the approval of two-thirds of the Senate where the opposition Republicans had a narrow majority. Others didn't think the treaty really did any good because it shifted the set of colonial rulers to another set, instead of eliminating the imperialism. The Treaty as you can imagine received enormous opposition. The Senate rejected the Treaty in March 19, 1920 President Wilson did sign the Treaty of Versailles, but he hadfoolishly refused to bring Representatives and Senators,particularly Henry Cabot Lodge, the majority leader in the house. With Wilson's refusal to compromise, the Senate overwhelming rejected the Treaty by wide margins in two votes on November 19. Key Republican leader, Republican Majority Leader and Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Henry Cabot Lodge, in a February 28 speech rejected the principle of mutual guarantee in the Wilson proposal, but not the League outright.
World War I was over. Thus on March 2, 1919 when 39 Senators sign Round Robin to separate League from Treaty, it is clear that approval was imperiled. Lodge helped form a Bipartisan Committee on January 16, but in the end he rejected its work on January 23. Although the Senate rejected the amendments, it also failed to ratify the treaty. The War losses, mild by European standards, were very real. While the delegates of the victorious countries should have been concerned with the prospects of future peace in Europe, they instead focused solely on making Germany as weak as possible. This is a very famous quote that many people try and follow, including Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
The defeated nation lost substantial territory and had severe restrictions placed on its military opera- tions. Many leading corporations improved productivity and management techniques, and American banks were highly influential in international finance. This is a cartoon I always found amusing that describes the treaty's defeat pretty well:. In the 20th century, the nations of Europe wanted to create a long-lasting peace between themselves. Democrats on January 29 agreed to support a reservation to Article 10 which was proposed by Republican Senator Taft reservation, but this was also rejected by Lodge Britain and France Concern over the debate in Washington grew in Europe which had counted upon American participation in the League which Wilson had proposed. Although the League of Nations was much of the work of President Woodrow Wilson America never joined the League of Nations.
Some Americans of Irish and German origin felt the treaty favored the British and there was a sort of general opposition to the treaty for a variety of different reasons. Wilson refused, however, to compromise further. The idealistic Wilson pushed for his , a collection of conditions intended to prevent the outbreak of war. Constant suspicion in Congress, however, that steady U. Congress attempts on May 20 to end the War by joint resolution, but Wilson vetoes the resolution.
They wanted the same constitution right of Congress to declare war also included in the treaty. In the period just after Germany's surrender, Woodrow Wilson was confident about achieving a just peace. In addition to foreign opposition, Wilson couldn't even gain support for the treaty in the United States. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! The remainder of his speeches are canceled and he id brought back to Washington, D. There is a certain irony that the League of Nations was the addition that the legislatures disliked, as it was the only part of Wilson's 14 points to make it onto the Treaty.