Henry that his party needed horses as pack animals, and in spring of 1823 he sent Smith back down the Missouri to tell Ashley. In 1830 Smith and his partners sold their holdings to a group of traders called the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. At this time the company of Smith, Jackson and Sublette was dissolved, selling out to Tom Fitzpatrick, , Jim Bridger, Henry Fraeb and Jean Baptiste Gervais, who named themselves the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. He was born to a devout Methodist family in Bainbridge, New York. Discuss this with the community:. In less than ten days, Jedediah was on the trail back to California. They traveled north to Oregon, and in May 1828, while Smith was absent from camp, the Indians killed all but three of his men.
The two trappers reached the Pierre's Hole rendezvous in August, where they again joined their partner William Sublette. Aside from his Bible, which he usually carried wherever he went, Jed had also read about the Lewis and Clark Expedition. There, he was able to obtain horses and supplies. Traveling at night, Jed could keep his men out of the killer sun and keep a watchful eye for any Indians that might be following. In one sentence it states he would shoot a few for demonstration purposes but would chastise his men for randomly shooting them all while staying in a positive reference. I am speaking of who was mauled and dismembered by a large male grizzly in Alaska, bear 141. At a time when Smith and his men were vulnerable ferrying horses and equipment across the river, several hundred Indians attacked.
So in 1830 he and his two business partners sold their interest in the company to some of their trapping companions who had just formed the Rocky Mountain Fur Company and set out with loaded wagons with the furs taken that season for their final return to St. After running for his life nearly five miles, bleeding from his nose, Colter grabbed the spear from his closed assailant and killed him. All interested editors are invited to and. The rest of the party continued on without him, hoping that he would catch up somewhere along the way. Shortly after departing, Smith and his men found the arid climate difficult to traverse, so they decided to journey to California, where they would restock supplies. His associates liked and respected him for his skill and his courage under fire.
As a condition of his release, the party was to return to U. They traveled north to Oregon, and in May 1828, while Smith was absent from camp, the Indians killed all but three of his men. There they were able to recover 26 horses, most of the furs, various items of equipment, and most importantly the journals and records of Jedediah Smith and his clerk, Harrison Rogers. Several days later another incident with another member of this tribe, a chief, who mounted one of the trappers horses without permission and was affronted to dismount. Smith is discussed in Gerald Rawling's popularly written The Pathfinders: The History of America's First Westerners 1964. What authority do we have to do that? Most likely Smith was asexual or did not have sexual relations.
To escape dependence on Indians, though, Ashley needed to find his own sources of beaver and otter in the West, and Smith became one of his best explorers. This article has a potential to be a good or feature article. In the spring of 1829, Smith returned to the upper Rocky Mountains, promising to confine his operations to the region east of the Great Divide. Two days later, they reached the south tip of the Great Salt Lake and arrived at the 1827 rendezvous on Sweet Lake Bear Lake at present-day Laketown, Utah. Now I know them to be the myths and exaggerations common from that time period. Another rare quality was his strident faith. During that time, California was under control of the Mexican government.
I am not sure if there was a count, but he may have killed under 50 Indians, that is just an estimate. He never drank, never used tobacco, never boasted and was rarely humorous. When questioned, the merchant said he received the items from a band of Comanche hunters who had taken them from a white man they killed near the Cimarron River. He quickly earned the respect of Ashley after fending off an attack by Native Americans near Missouri. The third source, as you say, is written in the first person; however, it is an analysis of David Lavender's book, Bent's Fort University of Nebraska Press, 1972, which states that Smith was killed after leaving his wagon train on the Journada in Kansas.
When you believe an article needs improvement, please feel free to make those changes. The Governor was unable to believe that Smith and his men had unintentionally crossed 1,000 miles of the desert buffer separating Mexican California from the United States. With rendezvous less than two months away, it was imperative that Smith find a way to cross the mountains. You've done a good job maintaining it, or didn't you think anyone noticed? But this is mere conjecture. Unlike earlier fur traders, who depended on Native Americans to actually trap or hunt the furs, Ashley eliminated the Indians as middlemen and instead sent out independent Anglo trappers like Smith to do the job.
Ashley got the men situated, then came back with more men, including Glass in 1823. It seems Jedediah is not mentioned on the Mission cites or Fort Vancouver. When a member of the Kelawatset Tribe walked off with an ax from the expedition, a mandatory tool that was necessary to cut their way through the thick coastal vegetation, he was apprehended and held until the item was returned. Any discrepancies can be put in a reference footnote. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the and see a list of open tasks. He began his western voyages in 1822, when he joined the pioneering fur trader William Ashley on a trip up the Missouri River.