The House Un-American Activities Committee, also known as H. She is the one that initiates the pattern of accusations and naming of names in Salem. In this strictly religious society, the power resides in the church, and anyone who goes against the church is severely punished. As the colonists in The Crucible landed in America, they feared many things. Miller could see that it was a vicious cycle, and he was able to make a connection between the events from both time periods. She is treated like she should not be acknowledged, let alone compared to anyone as it is looked at as an insult.
The House Committee on Internal Security, previously known as the House of Un-American Activities Committee, was formally terminated on January 14, 1975. Elizabeth Proctor's Pregnancy: Elizabeth's execution is stalled on account of her pregnancy. The play, The Crucible, recounts the time period of American history in which the country was being plagued with accusations of innocent citizes working for Satan; these citizens were labeled 'witches' or 'wizards'. The Crucible deals with a community that is superficially knit tightly, however. Salem was surrounded by forest. In The Crucible, the doll as well as Rebecca Nurse symbolizes the transformation of good to evil: dolls, in a normal society, represent childhood innocence and bring happiness. She was an easy target because she was a minority and did not have a lot.
In the Salem witch trials, some of the people were beginning to think that the Devil was no longer in the forests because they had been in America for as long as 40 years, and they never had a single sign of a witch or of a devil. Both the McCarthy Era and the Salem Witch Trials display the danger of collective hysteria, the speed of rumors, and the inability of accusers to stop the accusations once they have started. The Congressman said the hearing would have been dropped. Abigail refuses to disclose any information about the incident in the woods due to fear of punishment. Both the courts and the committee were unstructured, illegal and not serious at all.
By looking at the facts found in the play, and by looking at the history of the anti-communism movement , we will make the parrallels between these two major crimes against freedom of expression. The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, is a drama of the true story which took place during the seventeenth century. However, they accused other innocent people nevertheless and placed them in the same debacle that they were in prior to their confessions. A senator named Joseph McCarthy exploited fears of communist takeover to consolidate his own political power, fanning the flames of hysteria by collecting names of suspected communists, often without evidence. They also were required to turn in any other people that they saw with the devil.
The church is against the devil, yet at the same time it is against such things as dancing and premature acts. The way that the authorities present in those times used to keep the power is that they created a threat from inside the respective populations. While many of the crimes committed were pushed by the desire for power of some persons mostly men: Adolf Hitler, Pol Pot, Josef Stalin and Idi Amin Dada are good examples , others were realized in the name of God, as the ones who planned them say all the wars among different religions and, more recently, Osama Bin Laden. Miller touched on the subject of racism and related it the present time by his characterization of the woman, Tituba. Eastern Europe had become a conglomerate of Communist satellite nations.
For example, when they accused Tituba of being a witch, they said that she led the other girls into drinking chiken blood. She begins by saying that it was Tituba who led them into witchcraft, because she saw this as an escape from the blame placed on her. A good example of where they would blacklist many people is in the movie industry, because the movies have an impact on many persons at the same time. He gave information on his own political business but refused to give names of those he was involved with. They failed to recognize, however, that Salem's evil and destruction came from within. In 1956 he was called before the committee.
In all, three hundred and twenty artists were blacklisted, and for many of them this meant the end of exceptional and promising careers. McCarthy was the Chairman of the Government Operations Committee and its Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the U. If a person was suspected of even associating with communists, they were shunned from society and in many cases, incarcerated. The action plan they decided to follow is that they would clearly hunt the communists one by one until there would no longer be any and they would also maintain fear among the population, so that no one would be tempted to become a member of a communist organization. If it is a lie I will not accept it! People who don't conform aren't trusted.
Known as McCarthyism, the paranoid hunt for infiltrators was notoriously difficult on writers and entertainers, many of whom were labeled communist sympathizers and were unable to continue working. There was also a fear of having a war between a democratic country and a communism nation. Edgar Hoover insisted that the open hearings would highlight the activities of those engaged in un-American activities and also expose Communist sympathizers. Hysteria was a major factor in the many accusations of witchcraft that occurred throughout The Crucible. Arthur Miller captured the essence of the McCarthy Era in his play. Furthermore, Joseph Stalin controlled half of Europe, and the threat of an atomic war was ever-present.
This represents hope that the future may be different. One advantage of conforming to societies expectations is that you gain trust from the society. Miller wanted to open society's eyes to the present day witch hunts. Furthermore, it shows that knowledge of witchery was imbedded into the minds of these villagers. Because I cannot have another in my life! When Miller refused, he was charged with contempt of Congress and convicted, but he was acquitted on appeal a year later. In 1947, Alger Hiss, a State Department official, was accused of espionage, increasing the fears of the communist party among the public.