We ask that comments are civil and free of libellous or hateful material. Historically, universal suffrage often meant universal adult male suffrage. Lecky further said that one of the great questions of politics which is going to arise in our day is whether as a last resort, the world should be governed by its ignorance or intelligence. In a recent national political poll 80 per cent of the voting public said they wanted a direct vote for prime minister and 82 per cent want the right to recall non-performing members of parliament before the next general election. Also please stick to the topic under discussion. Universal suffrage was first meant to refer only to male suffrage.
Secret, special interest funding of elections have already debased the democratic process beyond repair in many countries and forced analysts and watchers to declare that democracy is for sale to the highest bidder in today's political environment. Furthermore, 70 per cent of the voters believe that politicians are corrupt, 80 per cent believe the same about the police and 50 per cent of civil servants. The first country to grant universal suffrage rights was New Zealand in 1893. How do we institute meaningful electoral reform and campaign-financing strategies in order to win back the confidence of the people in Universal Adult Suffrage -- the right to vote in a free and fair election, free from fear? There needs to be more emphasis on policy option voting, or more referendums and opinion polling to formulate policy, as is the growing trend in the more stable northern European welfare capitalist states. Additionally, the fact that elections became quite violent, corrupt, and seemingly useless for most voters, over time, turned off many from participating in elections in the last 30 years. In Asia, countries required people to be able to read and write in order to be able to vote. Prior to the establishment of universal suffrage rights, countries had other requirements for voting.
The government bill stalled in the Legislative Council the upper house and was eventually abandoned. Once women gained the right to vote all around the world, the term applied to all adults. Therefore, voter turnout and enthusiasm for elections in newly independent states was much higher than today, as the benefits were evident and accessible. So this right should not be given to them. By 1876 piecemeal reform efforts had created a bewildering range of different franchises for freeholders, leaseholders, householders, goldminers, lodgers, ratepayers and Māori , to vote in four special Māori seats. This is a legal right guaranteed to everyone by the 15th Amendment in the United States Constitution. In America, universal adult franchise grew in the 19th century.
These requirements gradually began to disappear, and by the early 20th century, most modern democracies had extended voting rights to all males and females. The next election, on 9 December 1881, was the first held under the new franchise and also the first in which voting in all European electorates took place on the same day. Arguments against Universal Adult Suffrage : 1 Sir Henry Maine was of the view that it would hinder the scientific development of the country. Where universal suffrage exists, the right to vote is not restricted by race, sex, belief, wealth or social status. Nowadays, most modern governments have granted universal voting rights to their citizens, although minimum age requirements vary slightly from 18 to 25. The concept of universal suffrage originally referred to all male citizens having the right to vote, regarding property requirements or other measures of wealth. The Qualification of Electors Act extended the right to vote or electoral franchise to all European men aged over 21, regardless of whether they owned or rented property.
After the American Civil War when slaves were free, adult black males were allowed to vote. One benefit is that if the whole population can vote, then the whole population will feel included in the country and will want to contribute to it. In Jamaica, the history shows us that earlier voting was permissible for some time for the wealthier classes only. If we are going to rekindle enthusiasm for voting in Jamaica, and so many other countries in the world, there will have to be an agreement for new far-reaching changes in the political and electoral systems of these countries. This develops a sense of responsibility among them. Thus it is not proper to give the right to vote to everyone.
Universal suffrage, which finds such favor in the sight of those persons who belong to the constitutional opposition, as it is called, was a capital institution in the Church, because as you yourself have just pointed out, dear pastor the individuals of whom the Church was composed were all well educated, disciplined by religious feeling, thoroughly imbued with the spirit of the same system, well aware of what they wanted and whither they were going. Please do not write in block capitals since this makes your comment hard to read. This lack of freedom, and the accompanying oppressive social conditions since Emancipation in 1838, was marked by numerous attempts by Paul Bogle, George William Gordon, Marcus Garvey, Alexander Bustamante, Norman Manley, and numerous other freedom fighters like Robert Love, Mary Seacole, Aggie Bernard , Richard Hart, and Leonard P Howell to end colonial rule and gain economic, political and social rights for the Jamaican people. Universal adult franchise is also referred to as universal suffrage. Finally, the decisions will be more informed and will take into account everyone's opinion, not just selected people's. We contend that this decline in voter turnout, which has become consistent in recent elections, is primarily due to a younger electorate who would not have experienced the transformation from active colonial rule to becoming a registered voter to choose one's own Government. Although suffrage has two necessary components, the right to vote and opportunities to vote, the term universal suffrage is associated only with the right to vote and ignores the other aspect, the frequency that an incumbent government consults the electorate.
New Zealand became the first nation in the world to achieve universal suffrage in 1893. The legislature is essentially a machine for levying taxes and it should be chosen by an electorate restricted mainly to those who pay the taxes. Today most of the people are of the view that every adult should be given the right of franchise. . These views are buttressed by the popular belief and evidence that those who finance elections are able to distort the outcomes, and these elections have really become a contest between the hard-core supporters of both major political parties.
Universal suffrage is the extension of voting rights to all citizens without restrictions based on sex, race, religious belief, wealth or social status. In fact, the Electoral Advisory Committee had to be established in 1979 to reform and save a discredited voting system in Jamaica, and this has become the major challenge facing the Electoral Commission and, indeed, the country. France and Switzerland have used universal male suffrage continuously since 1848, longer than any other country. However, our advertising department can be more than accommodating if emailed:. Today, 2014 marks 70 years since the first elections under Universal Adult Suffrage were held in Jamaica and, since then, in other Caribbean states in similar fashion. I Additionally, if there is a group that is excluded from voting, there might be unrest and conflict because this group could clash with the other groups, demanding these rights.
Therefore, everybody should have the right to elect his or her representative. Article shared by : Who is to be given the right to vote is a great problem of democracy. This was comfortably passed on 19 December. For example, in 1955, the percentage of total voters in Jamaica was 63. Prior to that, the first country to grant universal male suffrage was France, in 1792.
As it is, the political problem remains unsolved. After the 1938 Caribbean-wide rebellions, the British were advised by Lord Moyne, their investigator into the rebellion, that the best solution to return to a normal and peaceful co-existence would be to let the people get the right to vote, trade union representation, and political independence. In South Africa and the Old South, only white people were allowed to vote. Link to this page: universal suffrage 17 -- When the Sri Lanka America Association of Las Vegas held a public gathering with cultural presentations, documentary videos depicting Sri Lanka's journey toward independence and public discourses to mark her 70th independence on February 3, this South Asian nation Sri Lanka received rare acclamations of her imbedded vibrant democratic system with the periodic use of the universal franchise and open society from a wide section of elected representatives of the State of Nevada. Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been submitted.