In groups perform many social functions. Sanctions to Members : Members are suitably rewarded or punished for their work done in a formal group according to the formal rules and regulations of the group. An example of a reference group, would be the certainty of wealth. When the objects are achieved, the task group is dissolved. So there is overlapping membership and multiple groups. Friends of like mind gather together, enjoy themselves and communicate with each other.
Otherwise such groups would not exist in the long run. It is used for discussing focal points, different viewpoints and information. Positive impact : Informal groups do have the potential to be helpful to managers because they perform three important functions: 1 They establish, enforce and perpetuate social and cultural norms and values important to group members. Of all the work inside an organization, majority is completed through formal groups. It is now instructive to enquire a how does a manager deal with a group? The organization is only concerned with the job done by an individual-the output. Command group: This group is also known as task group. An individual may be the member of a number of informal groups for different purposes.
Positive action committees are good for business leaders because they build stronger teams, gives people a purpose, and demonstrate leadership abilities you may not have noticed otherwise. Because of this unity of purpose, the group can open some opportunities before management or can be a threat to it. It is considered to be one of the more important forms of organizational set up, as discussed in the first chapter. These groups are natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact. They tend to see informal groups as potentially harmful to the formal organization. They have their specific roles to play in an organization.
Team members may rally behind a co-worker who has lost a spouse in a car accident, creating a meal train or visitation schedule to make sure the co-worker isn't left to grieve alone. Educated family members are more responsible and respectful to the organization. Formal organization functions — basic attainment by the organization. These social influences may cause a member of the informal organization to work in conjunction with the organization, in parallel with it, or even against it. Need for help in solving work problems, 6. Abolition of the Group : As formal groups are subject to management control, they can be abolished at the discretion of the proper authority while a particular informal group cannot be destroyed because any attempt to destroy it may lead to formation of several other groups because there is no management control over it. Size of the group-smaller groups has more cohesiveness.
They are looked upon as subordinates or lower cadre employees having lower values in society. Initially, primary groupism was confined to social groups, but later on it was extended to business and industrial organizations. Interaction and interdependence of members is literally observed in functional groups. They may be job related interest, or such as sports, national politics or religion. Committees also represent the presence of cross-functional members. Likewise there are instances where one employee assists someone else in another department in solving a work problem. There is no logic in trying to influence a group by appealing to a fringe small number.
A formal group can be a command group or a functional group that is relatively permanent is composed of managers and their subordinates who meet regularly to discuss general and specific ideas to improve product or service. Greenpeace and finally dual- function who are a combination of both sectional and promotional, e. A group behavior can be stated as a course of action a group takes as a family. The most common reason behind the creation of a group is the urge of people to talk and make their own circle, where they can interact freely, know each other, work unitedly and accomplish the tasks which are being assigned to them. Group dynamics is the social science that focuses on advancing knowledge about the nature of group life. Though officially unrecognized, they exist in the shadow of the formal structure as a network of personal and social relations that must be understood and respected by the management.
There are 3 views about group dynamics: 1. Trade unions, labour groups and clubs are examples of interest groups. Groups of family, friendship, functional, task and interest are discussed as per their existence. Cohesion is often established through trust and reciprocity between members. The informal organization can work in concurrence with the formal organizational structure, parallel with it, or against it. A group may be existing at the work place while other groups may exist at the living place.
Regardless of the type of group it is important to establish what the group's objective is and how each member of the group will contribute towards that objective. In studying group dynamics you are about to look at the behavior of group and how the group develops. Each has their goal or objective, even if that objective is only to be social and has no real business connection at all. For this type of group, they have multiple tasks to accomplish - as opposed to a task group, which usually has only one task to accomplish. Informal organization, like formal organization, can make companies stronger and more effective when individuals work together, but can also create divides. Instead, it is a set of social norms, connections, and interaction. It is difficult to apply exact time standards for judging their performance as their jobs are of such a nature that personal judgment matters.