Formal organizations are designed to achieve certain goals through the collective work of the individuals who are its members. Doing this will help us to understand first what type of group we might be in ourselves and second what type of group we might need for a specific project. These groups are formed on the basis of common likes, dislikes, prejudices, contacts, language, interests, attitudes of the members. Utilitarian organizations are those that people join these because they have something to gain by doing so, like companies and schools, for example. Formal organizations denote a social system defined by clearly stated rules, norms and goals.
Introduction to Modern Number Theory. Group helps individual to feel stronger, have fewer self-doubts, and be more contrary to threats. Discuss about the stages of Group Development. The members of the cliques give these outsiders due recognition because of some members of their group being associated with them. Goals are clear and compatible b.
They emerge naturally, in response to the common interests of organizational members. Group Behavior — Example Let us understand group behavior with the help of an example. The members of the informal group may compel any member of the group to disassociate himself from the group, if he is continuously violating the norms of the group after giving him proper warning. Formal groups types are Command groups, Task groups, Functional group. Permanent and Temporary Formal Groups.
These members could be in the majority and carry prevailing values in the society. I am a mother of a lovely kid, and an avid fan technology, computing and management related topics. This translates to stronger and more natural teamwork in the office that an employer would be hard-pressed to create as effectively through organized team-building exercises. Even so, their friendships exist in a limited context; they won't necessarily remain close beyond the holiday party. The term formal group sometimes means the same as formal group law, and sometimes means one of several generalizations. Roles: a set of expected behaviors assumed by each position in the group. Members trust and respect each other.
They adopt antagonistic attitude towards management only when highly specific goals are sought by group members acting together. These stages and their characteristics are as follows: 1. Judge and Seema Sanghi, 12th ed, Pearson education, pp338 Characteristics of Groups A. They can be small or large and are mostly impersonal and usually short term. Life Depends on the type of group.
In such a group, any active member could assume the reins of the group and become the leader. Each type of group has its purpose, along with its advantages and disadvantages. Informal organizations: Formal groups refer to those which are established under the legal or formal authority with the view to achieve a particular end result and the group is designated by the organizational structure, having work assignments establishing tasks. Characterized by uncertainty about the groups purpose, structure, and leadership. When such objectives are fulfilled, these disappear. Abolition of the Group : As formal groups are subject to management control, they can be abolished at the discretion of the proper authority while a particular informal group cannot be destroyed because any attempt to destroy it may lead to formation of several other groups because there is no management control over it.
Purpose—must be trying to accomplish a goal. Friendship Group: Employees that like each other's company and socialize both inside and outside of work. Some people call a formal group scheme smooth if the converse holds. Nobody wants to live in isolation; people generally create a circle around themselves so that they can interact and share their feelings, opinions, experiences, information, etc. Its boundaries are not located within its immediate hierarchical superior.
An example of a reference group, would be the certainty of wealth. In an informal group, on the other hand, behaviour of the members is controlled through norms, values and beliefs of the group. Distinction Between Formal and Informal Groups 1. Again, there may be the presence of temporary committees in organizations, who may be entrusted to achieve temporary goals such as a committee to probe into a case of fund embezzlement against a particular member. Interest group—established to meet a mutual objective a group formed to lobby management for more fringe benefits.
Critically evaluate the different Group decision making Techniques. The engineer and technician make up members of the command group. However, informal work groups sometimes form as teams spontaneously find their own needs to collaborate in different ways. For example, if a manager misuses his authority and promotes an unqualified person, the informal group may use its influence in making sure that it does not happen. The employees made part of this have strong communication between each other and also have prior experience of teamwork.
Such groups are generally indifferent to formal organisations. Informal Group Informal group can have a strong influence in organizations that can either be positive or negative. Sanctions to Members : Members are suitably rewarded or punished for their work done in a formal group according to the formal rules and regulations of the group. Consequently, informal organisations may be of different types as explained below: i Interest and Friendship Groups: People who may or may not be aligned into common command or task groups may affiliate to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned. Inclusion in a group is considered as important because it provides recognition and status. They are characterized by dispersal and unaccepted leadership, lack of cohesiveness, internal disunity and conflict and suppressed dissatisfaction. Team member support groups could include a group that trains for a cancer walk together or raises money in support of another co-worker who is personally dealing with the disease or caring for a family member who is ill.