The major social institutions recognized by sociologists include family, religion, education, media, law, politics, and economy. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 30 2 , 53-68. Doing anti-oppressive practice: Building transformative, politicized social work. Structural theory encourages alliances to promote the systemic change necessary to create a more equitable society. Challenging oppression: a critical social work approach.
Canadian Social Work, 9 1 , pp. It is difficult if not nearly impossible for people to work toward structural change when their basic needs are not being met. Its function is to produce and maintain the capitalist state machine and to ensure working class subordination. Critical analysis in social work looks at competing forces such as the capitalist economic system, the welfare state as all affecting individual choices. When he last visited the local public health clinic, he says he experienced negative attitudes from staff after he told them he was having sex with men, so he does not want to return there. Radical casework: A theory of practice. This construction of power relations can lead to the possibility of denying, for those who have been disadvantaged, the power they do have because they have been characterized as disempowered Fook, 2002.
Within dialogical relationships with service users, social workers can facilitate critical consciousness through the use of critical questioning, political education, and social empathy. The residual and institutional both come from a bandaid like fix, where as the structural approach attempts to bring societies underlying problems to the surface. Radical Casework also provides extensive descriptions of practice strategies and case illustrations. Structural social work emphasizes the importance of social care to address immediate material needs and the psychological consequences of oppression Carniol, 1992; Fook, 1993 , as well as social action for long-term transformative change Dominelli, 2003. Clinical work and social action.
We position such critical practices as forms of resistance within critical social work programmes, to maintain and protect the integrity and quality of field education in contemporary social work programmes. Structuralists would argue that there are universal truths Carniol, 2005 , such as peace being preferable to war, and that these values, based on reducing harm and enriching the quality of life, are consistent with the values and goals of the profession of social work. As researchers, we wanted to understand how this type of work was being done in our local context. A social worker would then not only consider social conditions of an individual, but the social relationships and structures as well. What is Structural Social Work Theory? The related concepts of reflection, reflexivity, and critical reflection will also be discussed. It underscores who gets and who does not. This helps the client-worker relationship.
Is that individual oppressed based on race or part of the dominant group due to her positioning as a professor? Lack of acceptance by the Board does not dissuade Adia from developing a coalition of agencies from the youth sector and approaching the local politician and funders to advocate for the issues impacting this population. In structural social work, empowerment does not mean social workers giving or lending power to service users, but rather service users empowering themselves to exercise greater control, choice, and action in their lives. Such as, food, shelter, clothing, social services, and money. It bridges the seemingly unbridgeable gap between the rhetoric of social analysis and the day-to-day practice of the social worker. Globalisation, Global Justice and Social Work explores the global effects of neo-liberal policies on welfare services in different countries, with contributions from social work academics, practitioners and welfare activists around the world. Finding hope in a hostile context: Stories of creative resistance in progressive social work agencies.
Journal of Community Practice, 9 1 , 37-55. The overarching themes of structural social work provide clear direction in moral values and offer a means to examine ethical decision-making in practice. The dynamics of family policy. Giddens emphasizes the duality of structure and agency, in the sense that structures and agency cannot be conceived apart from one another. While personal theoretical orientations such as cognitive-behavioral modes of practice seem more supportive of individual client change, systemic-structural models, including feminist ones, seem to be more effective in supporting mutual client-worker strategies to change larger system targets. A radical communitarian counternarrative provides a critical analysis of the disconnect between the needs of individuals and the capacity of communities to meet those needs.
Structural violence usually has, at its root, some political or economic structure that disenfranchises a group of people. Hyper-individualism drives cultural systems and institutions, rendering the social work profession fundamentally incapable of promoting social change for social justice. However, for a book about Canadian social welfare, it had very little to say about how these things affect First Nations people. Global Public Health, 4 6 , 528-545. New York: Columbia University Press.
Ultimately, the tangible services provided by the programs i. Most effects of these constructions have both emancipatory and social control elements. Despite the current context, they are still able to engage in creative practices geared toward social justice and transformative change. Both practitioners have shown a clear understanding of the structural factors that impact their service users. I've seen too much material saturated in a pathetic bourgeois liberalism without any critical breadth or depth. African Americans, who are 13% of the U.
At a basic level, structural social work, like all social work, must start with helping people meet their immediate needs, including health care. It is a moral theory because it is concerned with the underlying causes of social problems Fook, 2002 and with what kind of social order we ought to construct. Based on these experiences, the researchers were well informed of the nature of practice in these agencies as well as the reputations of these agencies within the community and among service users. Another outgrowth of mutual aid is the development of alternative service organizations that are led by service users rather than professionals seen as outside experts. Should a social worker fight for the elderly man with a hip replacement to remain in the hospital? The stories provide hope and direction for social justice oriented practice in the current context. Nevertheless, there are, and have always been, groups within social work communities who resist these trends and persevere in building collective power to change inhumane policies and advocate for a world which encourages the fulfillment of human potential. Social Work Education, 20 3 , 303-320.
Critical social work evolved from this to oppose all forms of oppression. A new journal published by called Critical and Radical Social Work: An international journal promotes debate and scholarship around a range of engaged social work themes and issues. Social work, critical theory and practice. Ethics and Behavior, 15 4 , 327-338. New York: Columbia University Press. The paucity of resources is not just a technical problem but an ethical predicament.