Trade exposed Spartans to other cultures and gave outsiders access to the city, so it was dangerous. Another feature of Spartan burial was that only fallen soldiers of honor and women who died in some honorable manner or office some scholars interpret this as dying in childbirth, while others extend it to include important priestesses or other officiants , were permitted to be honored with a headstone. All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control. What was Sparta and where was it? Both god and mortal were likely to resent any attempt of an inferior to move higher on the scale. . When Achilles fights with the River in the , the River speaks to Achilles but uses against him only such weapons as are appropriate to a stream of water. During that period its influence spread as far west as Spain, east to the , and throughout the Mediterranean world.
The historian Hooker has interpreted the festival as a festival for the dead on one hand, combined with a thanksgiving for life on the other. Pastoralists and warriors certainly require fertility in their herds—not to mention in their own number. They seek to improve their lives and the lives of others by following two simple commandments - to love God with all their heart just as he loves us, and to then share this love with others - unconditionally - with as much sincerity as we would love ourselves. While one relied on trade, the other relied on agriculture. They could own no property apart from the family.
The worship of Fear specifically was likely due to the Spartan fear of dishonor, for to die in a cowardly or dishonorable was was not only an embarrassment to Sparta but an affront to the gods. Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood. Greek Temples For the Greeks, they had worshiped the temples their craftsmen had built over long periods of time. Prayers and requests for conquest, life, and prosperity are also made to Apollo. Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy, Athens by democracy Sparta had 2 kings, 5 ephors overseers a senate if you were in it you were elected for life , and an assembly which voted on legislation you had to be a man and over 30 Athens had a council of 500, which was divided into ten groups of 50 and … changed its elected president every day, a board of ten generals, a jury of 6000 selected by lot from the citizens, judicial board of nine archons, and an assembly Spartans just fight and fight and. Athens was also a home to the leading philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, famous dramatists Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides and Aristophanes, well-known historians Xenophon, Thucydides and Herodotus, the legendary poet Simonides and the renowned sculptor Phidias, during this era.
Because of their strict devotion to religious practises, they were often mocked by other Greek states. Whatever the nature of the mysteries, those initiated returned in a mood of exaltation. This caused a threat to the ancient monuments. Athens: better navy, less rights for woman, good democratic government, near a good source of water. Why Greeks Prayed Greeks were polytheistic, which is belief in many gods. The differences between Athens and Sparta were caused by the geographical location, they were quite far apart so it should be expected that they had different societies. The Panathenaic procession set out from the Pompeion sacred storehouse at dawn, headed by maiden basket-bearers kanēphoroi who carried the sacred panoply.
Electra and Orestes killing Aegisthus in the presence of their mother, Clytemnestra; detail of a Greek vase, 5th century bc. Generally, the engraved markers were reserved for those accorded the greatest honor. The gods were to be obeyed completely and were to be respected completely by all Spartans, though in theory, this relationship between the Spartans and the gods was believed to have been based on mutual respect. They were also known for their literate verbal skills and poetry. Antikenabteilung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin—Preussischer Kulturbesitz An unintended consequence since the Greeks were monogamous was that Zeus in particular became markedly polygamous. The festival was held in the Spartan agora market place. All too often in historym, organised religions have had a great deal of explaining to do as their man-made rules have won causing hatred and oppression rather than showing unconditional love; to look for real, Christian love, one invariably has to look at individuals rarther than organised religion.
Through living a life of service and honor to Sparta and the gods and goddesses attached to the Spartan Empire--including Poseidon, Apollo, Athena and Aphrodite, as well as deities of local importance like Artemis Orthia, Castor and Pollux the Dioscuri, and the spirits of Laughter and Fear--Spartans were assured of honor in life and death. Practices continued to be observed that were no longer understood by the worshippers. These non-citizens who often lived in Sparta itself were very important to the Spartan economy. Fairly temperate but very dry. Conflicts between religions result because religious, moral beliefs are accorded preference by their believers. It was also located too far away from the sea to be able to use the water for fishing or trade. Then there was the Assembly, like in , where any male citizen over the age of thirty eighteen in Athens could participate at any time.
Even in its most prosperous days, it was merely a group of five villages with simple houses and a few public buildings. Hippolytus in his quadriga, detail from a Greek vase; in the British Museum Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum In Homer only the gods were by nature immortal, but was reserved for their favoured sons-in-law, whom they exempted from. Human sacrifice appears, if it was practiced at all, to have been the exception. It should be noted that the myths varied over time and that, within limits, a writer—e. It was this military regimented mentality that allowed the small Spartan population to become rulers of ancient Greece and the dominant fighting force of the time.
A lighting bolt stroked the Propylaea in 1640 causing damage and destruction. In a further blow, late the following year, Thebangeneral Epaminondas c. Of course, that was just fine by the Spartans. The different arts such as sculpture and poetry also flourished more in Athens. Mainly agrarian in origin, they were seasonal in character, held often at full moon and on the 7th of the month in the case of and always with a sacrifice in view. If the infants were too week or sick, they were abandoned in the country side to die.