The Council's teaching on the role of the laity has, paradoxically, led to a certain clericalisation of the laity, and bishops have often given the impression that the way to implement the decree on the laity is to build up as large a bureaucracy as possible and set up innumerable committees and commissions. Restoring the ministry of permanentdeacons. And some of the windmills against which Pope Francis seems pointlessly, in my opinion to be tilting. This has also affected the search for Christian unity, which is not always best served by proliferating ecumenical structures. The council also decrees documents on practical questions on the pastoral duties of , , the Eastern-rite churches, the ministry and life of priests, the education for the priesthood, the religious life, the missionary activity of the church, the apostolate of the , and the media of social communication.
Rules and practices were vastly altered or again, updated. It is also an institution. In states where Catholics are in the minority, they have the right to public worship. The church is defined primarily as a mystery and as the People of God in the first two chapters. Everybody else has to come to them.
It depends upon who you ask. Catholic Answer With all due respect to my esteemed colleague, I would have to say that the Dignitatis Humanae, Declaration on Religious Liberty, a very minor document issued near the end of the Second Vatican Council, had almost no discernable impact whatsoever. In spite of the Council's call for a renewal of the rite of reconciliation, the practice of confession has catastrophically declined; some claim that the answer is general absolution, but sacraments are personal not collective. Doubt has enteredour consciences, and it entered by windows that should have beenopen to the light. Only interior assimilation and practical implementation can make the conciliar documents alive and life-giving. There have, indeed, been substantial achievements. This invitation is based on the conviction that God continues to speak to us through the events of human history.
In states where Catholics are in the minority, they have the right to public worship. The seven sacraments established were: baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, pennance, last annointing, holy orders, and marriage. Only Communist nations were sparsely represented, the result of government pressures. They asked that the Liturgy be made truly noble, and return as much as possible to the essentials. Originally published as Kleine Konziliengeschichte. No single image is enough to exhaust the mystery of the Church.
This stateof uncertainty even holds sway in the Church. We see the worldand its inhabitants as essentially good. That document was aimed at establishing the rights of the Church as opposed to the numerous governments throughout the twentieth century that had tried in various ways to suppress it, notably Nazi Germany and Communist Russia and China. The bishops chose not to synthesize all of these images into one systematic account. Everything that the bishops teach in this constitution about marriage and family life, economic justice, the search for peace in our world, etc.
At the same time, the alienation of many Catholic women from the official church remains one of its most serious pastoral challenges. Wepreach ecumenism but we constantly separate ourselves from others. Only the bishops could vote. Rethinking the concept of authority. Catholic bishops more than a decade ago to produce an acceptable pastoral letter on women, after nine years of effort, only underscored the problem. Answer The Second Vatican Council asked if the readings, and perhaps some of the chants be put in the vernacular, the Council nowhere asked for the Mass to be put into the vernacular.
Its announced purpose was spiritual renewal of the church and reconsideration of the position of … the church in the modern world. As an event, any council is a complex process of human discussion, planning, pressure, wrangling and even procedural trickery as various parties work either together or at cross purposes to produce documents that say what these parties think needs to be said. There was an attempt to update or modernize without once using the word Progress or Modernist! The world had changed in dramatic ways in four hundred years, and the Church realized the need to address the many positive and negative realities of modern life. That document was aimed at establishing the rights of the Church as opposed to the numerous governments throughout the twentieth century that had tried in various ways to suppress it, notably Nazi Germany and Communist Russia and China. If you look closely at what the Council called for,look at how our Sunday Masses are run, and go down the street to aBaptist, Episcopal, or any other protestant denomination you willwonder what the difference is. New York: Paulist, 2002, 17-33.
I'd like to propose 10 remarkableachievements. An alternative political and church society is born. The Constitution lifts up the biblical images of the sheepfold, a flock, a field, a vineyard, the building of God, the Jerusalem from above, and the Body of Christ. The First was implemented without much of a ripple, although several schisms broke off who objected to its defined doctrines producing the Polish National Church, and the Old Catholic Church, among others. These are accepted by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox as authoritative. Church doctrine and life issues. There is a new code of canon law.
The significance of these changes are probably overrated and in any case will not really be known until this generation has passed away. They revised the lectionary, and recommended meditative reading of the Sacred Scriptures to everyone. . Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1962, 91-109, and Bellitto, Christopher M. The Second Vatican Council explained that the church is not against the modern world, nor is it for the modern world.
It was a new council and not a continuation of Vatican I. On the contrary, it sometimes generates new problems to be added to the old. But I have great sympathy for a dramatic and even astonishing comment de Lubac made in June of 1964. Moreover, in memory of the apostles the church is called Apostolic. The best known outcome of the Second Vatican Council is that it modernised the liturgy, to the acclaim of some Catholics and the despair of others.