The Leader has a seat next to the Chairman, in the front row. Second, the Rajya Sabha enjoys equal powers with Lok Sabha in the process of impeachment of the President, and the removal of judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts, Chief Election Commissioner, Comptroller and Auditor General. If Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting declaring that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest to create one or more All India Services common to the Union and the States, Parliament becomes empowered to create by law such services. The Rajya Sabha is a permanent House and is not subject to dissolution. Gurupadaswamy March 1971 April 1972 3 Shri Mamlapati Tripathi 30. Explanation- For the purpose of this clause a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State by reason only that he is a Minister either for the Union or for such State. Speakers of Lok Sabha: Lok Sabha Name of Speaker Tenure First Lok Sabha Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar 5 May, 1952 — 27 February, 1956 M.
Such disputes will be decided at a joint-sitting of both the Houses as in case of an ordinary legislation. One of the first acts of a newly constituted House is to elect the Speaker. Such a sitting is summoned by the President to settle a deadlock between the two Houses on a Bill. It was meant to be the federal chamber i. Shri Uma Shankar Dikshit May 1971 Dec. In 2003 an amendment was carried out to the Representation of the People Act to remove the residency requirements of a candidate for Rajya Sabha.
During this period, the Central Legislature which was known as Constituent Assembly Legislative and later Provisional Parliament was unicameral till the first elections were held in 1952. Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh Dec. His decision is final and binding. Secretary-General The Secretary-General is appointed by the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and holds rank equivalent to the highest civil servant of the Union. He defined in broad terms the function of the House and stated : There is a general impression that this House cannot make or unmake governments and, therefore, it is a superfluous body.
A member elected in a bye-election remains member for the remainder of the term of the member who had resigned or died or disqualified to be member of the House under the Tenth Schedule. This is because the Lok Sabha has largest number of representatives of peoples of India and so the Lok Sabha, the lower house is more powerful in comparison with Rajya Sabha, the upper house. At the joint sitting, the deadlocks are resolved by discussions and are decided by a majority of the members of both the Houses present and voting. It is by convention that position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party in India. Leader of the House Apart from the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman, Leader of the House is another functionary who plays important role in the efficient and smooth conduct of the business in the House. He or she performs the duties of the Chairman when the office of the Chairman is vacant or when the Vice-President is acting as the President.
Powers and functions of the Speaker The Speaker has extensive functions to perform in matters of administrative and parliamentary business nature. Its performance in the legislative field and in influencing the Government policies has been quite significant. The present strength of the upper house, however, is 245, out of which 233 are representatives of the States and Union territories of Delhi and Puducherry, while the remaining 12 are nominated by the President of India. Whenever the office of the Speaker falls vacant, the Lok Sabha elects another member to fill the vacancy. Patil 10 July, 1991 — 22 May, 1996 Eleventh Lok Sabha P. It should be noted here that, whenever the Lok Sabha is dissolved, the Speaker does not vacate his office and continues till the newly elected Lok Sabha meets.
After a money bill is passed by the Lok Sabha, it is sent to the Rajya Sabha for its consideration within a period of 14 days. However, one-third members of the Council of States retire after every second year. Financial Functions: Rajya Sabha has very little control on financial matters. But there are functions, which a revising Chamber can fulfil fruitfully. As a federal chamber, it has worked for the unity and integrity of the nation and has reinforced the faith of the people in parliamentary democracy.
Under this power, Parliament has prescribed that the representatives of Union Territories to the Council of States shall be indirectly elected by members of an electoral college for that Territory, in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The representatives of the states are elected by elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies. Besides, the Tenth Schedule to Constitution provides for disqualification of the members on ground of defection. Every Minister has the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of either House but he is entitled to vote only in the House of which he is a member. The allocation of seats is made on the basis of the population of each State. Shri Govind Ballabh Pant March 1955 Feb.
The members of a Vidhan Sabha are elected by the general public through the state elections. The , who is elected from amongst the house's members, takes care of the day-to-day matters of the house in the absence of the Chairman. Or have something to share? Ananthasayanam Ayyangar 11 May, 1957 — 16 April, 1962 Third Lok Sabha Hukam Singh 17 April, 1962 — 16 March, 1967 Fourth Lok Sabha Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 17 March, 1967 — 19 July, 1969 Gurdial Singh Dhillon 8 August, 1969 — 19 March, 1971 Fifth Lok Sabha Gurdial Singh Dhillon 22 March, 1971 — 1 December, 1975 Bali Ram Bhagat 5 January, 1976 — 25 March, 1977 Sixth Lok Sabha Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 26 March, 1977 — 13 July, 1977 K. Rajya Sabha in Financial Matters:- A Money Bill can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. The Speaker also has certain residuary powers under the Rules of Procedure. During any period when the Vice-President acts as President or discharges the functions of the President, he does not perform the duties of the office of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
Shri Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan Aug. Rajya Sabha practically can do nothing without the help of Lok Sabha. But an understanding of the Constitution and the laws of the country and the rules of procedure and conventions of Parliament is considered a major asset for the holder of the office of the Speaker. He must not be less than 30 years of age. Issues in joint sitting are decided by a majority of the total number of members of both Houses present and voting. Apart from the elected members, provision was also made for the nomination of twelve members to the House by the President. The members nominated by the President are persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service.
Its importance emanates from the central role accorded to the Opposition in a parliamentary democracy. As per the provisions of the Tenth Schedule, a member may be disqualified as a member, if he voluntarily gives up the membership of his political party; or if he votes or abstains from voting in the House contrary to any direction issued by the political party to which he belongs, unless such voting or abstention has been condoned by the political party within fifteen days. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses can be held. This makes Lok Sabha strong. He must be a citizen of India. Election and Tenure The Speaker is elected by the Lok Sabha from amongst its members as soon as may be, after its first sitting. .