Article 4 of the Mandate entitles it to advise and co-operate with the Government in almost anything that may affect the interests of the Jewish population. The ideal system of education would be a single bi-national system for both races. President Barack Obama received a lot of flack from the Israeli right and from nobody else in the world , when he said that the Jews' claim to a state rested on their suffering, which culminated in the Holocaust. Nowhere, again, was Zionism better understood before the War or given such practical proofs of sympathy. They differ in religion and in language.
On February 1938, the Woodhead Commission led by Sir John Woodhead was appointed to examine the Peel Commission Report in detail and recommend an actual partition plan. The fellaheen are better off on the whole than they were in 1920. This was of course completely unacceptable to the Palestinians Posted by on March 18, 2009 71267 What is new? The National Home cannot be half-national. A large amount of the land in the Palestinian state is simply the Negev, which is a dessert, while the Eastern Areas are the hilly country, which is less suitable for cultivation. Manifestly the problem cannot be solved by giving either the Arabs or the Jews all they want.
They will attain the primary objective of Zionism--a Jewish nation, planted in Palestine, giving its nationals the same status in the world as other nations give theirs. In any further discussion of the project of a British University in the Near East, the possibility should be considered of locating it in the neighborhood of Jerusalem or Haifa. Sooner or later there should be a transfer of land and, as far as possible, an exchange of population. The Commission was charged with determining the cause of the riots, and judging the merit of grievances on both sides. The evidence submitted by the Arab and Jewish leaders respectively was directly conflicting and gave no hope of compromise. However, no peace treaties were officially signed until decades later.
Whilst we believe that these grievances are sincerely felt, we are of opinion that most of them cannot be regarded as legitimate under the terms of the Mandate and we are therefore not called upon to make recommendations on them. . A convention was signed by the Greek and Turkish Governments, providing that, under the supervision of the League of Nations, Greek nationals of the Orthodox religion living in Turkey should be compulsorily removed to Greece, and Turkish nationals of the Moslem religion living in Greece to Turkey. Cantonisation is attractive at first sight because it seems to solve the three major problems of land, immigration and self-government, but there are obvious weaknesses in it. The Mandate itself is mainly concerned with specific obligations of equal weight—positive obligations as to the establishment of the National Home, negative obligations as to safeguarding the rights of the Arabs.
First, the working of federal systems depends on sufficient community of interest or tradition to maintain harmony between the Central Government and the cantons. The taxable capacity of Trans-Jordan is very low and its revenues have never sufficed to meet the cost of its administration. The scheme for the development of the Huleh district is commended. Of several subsidiary factors, the more important were— 1 the advance of Arab nationalism outside Palestine; 2 the increased immigration of Jews since 1933; 3 the opportunity enjoyed by the Jews for influencing public opinion in Britain; 4 Arab distrust in the sincerity of the British Government; 5 Arab alarm at the continued Jewish purchase of land; 6 the general uncertainty as to the ultimate intentions of the Mandatory Power. No fair-minded statesman can think it right either that 400,000 Jews, whose entry into Palestine has been facilitated by he British Government and approved by the League of Nations, should be handed over to Arab rule, or that, if the Jews should become a majority, a million Arabs should be handed over to their rule. The Arabs desire to revive the traditions of the Arab golden age. This is more than a state, government and sovereignty---this is a national consolidation in a free homeland.
The majority of Palestinian officers in the Criminal investigation Department are thoroughly devoted and loyal, but the junior ranks, like the majority of the District police, though useful in times of peace, are unreliable in time of trouble. The prompt and adequate punishment of crime is a vital factor in the maintenance of law and order. For this purpose a loan should, if required, be guaranteed for a reasonable amount. There would be a special Mandate for this area and the treatment of the two populations would be equal. Neither the Arabs nor the Jews would feel their political aspirations were satisfied with purely cantonal self-government. Alienation of land should only be allowed where it is possible to replace extensive by intensive cultivation, i.
The scheme is as follows: The Mandate for Palestine should terminate and be replaced by a Treaty System in accordance with the precedent set in Iraq and Syria. Maan Abu Nawar, The Jordanian-Israeli War, 1948-1951: A History of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Reading, U. The Arabs have none and the young intelligenzia of the country are unable to complete their education without the cost and inconvenience of going abroad. The Advisory Council should, if possible, be enlarged by the nomination of Arab and Jewish representatives. The Mufti of Jerusalem as President must bear his due share of responsibility.
Waxman and Allen Pollack, eds. The final allocation of immigration certificates as determined by the Jewish Agency should be submitted by the High Commissioner for approval. Meanwhile the whole situation is darkened by uncertainty as to the future. The scheme for the development of the Huleh district is commended. Do the writers sympathize with either side in the conflict? The Jews have not availed themselves readily of the opportunity afforded them of becoming Palestinian citizens, and this is accounted for by the fact that their chief interest is in the Jewish Community itself.
There can be no question of fusion or assimilation between Jewish and Arab cultures. Sari Nusseibeh with Antony David, Once Upon Country Tel-Aviv: Schocken Publishing House, 2007 , 23. Rogan and Avi Shlaim, eds. The limitation of power and responsibility largely accounts for the lack of interest shown by the townspeople in most municipal councils. Nationality All persons domiciled in the Mandated Area including Haifa, Acre, Tiberias, Safad and the enclave on the Gulf of Aqaba, as long as they remain under Mandatory administration who now possess the status of British protected persons would retain it; but apart from this all Palestinians would become the nationals of the States in which they are domiciled.
Nicholas Bethell, The Palestine Triangle, 39. There is a strong British tradition, on the other hand, of friendship with the Jewish people, and it is in the British interest to retain as far as may be the confidence of the Jewish people. The holy sites in Jerusalem and Bethlehem would be connected by a narrow corridor to the Jaffa coast which would include the towns of Lydda Lod and Ramle. Arab bands attacked Jewish settlements, uprooted crops, squatted on Jewish property, attacked British installations and personnel, and destroyed railway tracks, bridges, telegraph equipment, and army depots— all symbols of the British colonial presence. Therefore, the Jewish Agency recommended that the area of the proposed state be extended southward to the environs of the present city of Ashkelon.