From April to June, before the monsoon, in the hottest days the temperature can reach as high 50 °C 122 °F in the shade. Meghalaya the abode of clouds is the wettest part of the country with Mawsynram and Cherrapunji getting 1,221 and 1,102 cm of annual rainfall respectively. Gangtok In Gangtok, Sikkim, at 1,400 meters 4,600 feet of altitude, the average temperature ranges from 8. Further south, in Calicut, Kerala, the first thunderstorms occur in April, while the monsoon lasts until November, when 130 mm 5. In fact, rainfall distribution mostly remains uneven both in space and time. The Deccan Plateau and parts of Madhya Pradesh --it also receive some amount of rain in spite of lying in the rain shadow area. The Monsoon trough is an imaginary line, spread across more than 2000 km, from Sri Ganganagar in Rajasthan to West Bengal.
More cyclones are born in October and then in November and more cyclones originate in the Bay of Bengal than in the Arabian Sea. The climate varies from hot and subtropical humid 450—900 meters in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate 900—1800 metres , cool and temperate 1900—2400 metres and cold glacial and alpine 2400—4800 meters in the northern and eastern elevated mountain ranges. Archived from on July 12, 2007. By the first week of July, the entire country experiences monsoon rain; on average, South India receives more rainfall than North India. The cool air then flows towards the land to complete the cycle. Elevated emissions also contributed to the , causing that lasted long after the atmospheric shroud of dust and aerosols had cleared. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October.
By October 15, upper level winds turn from westerly to easterly and a low pressure trough forms over Southeast coast of India. The summers are extremely hot and the rainy season extends from the month of June to September. Based on the , hosts six major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories. The low rainfall at the end of the monsoon was directly related to increasing drought-related conditions, he said. In this portion of the southern coast, you can go from mid-December to February, and also in March-April, even though it is the hottest time of the year because it's not as hot as in the interior. Rains in Bangalore versus Mangalore Bangalore receives less rainfall in comparison to Mangalore because Bangalore is located in the rain shadow Leeward Side of Western Ghats and when the wind blows from the west, it gets obstructed by the hills. Goa In Dabolim, in the former Portuguese colony of , precipitation reaches 2,900 mm 114 in per year, of which up to 995 mm 39 in fall in July.
It is also thought that interannual variability of the monsoon will increase in future, whatever happens to its main driver, El Niño. Kolkata - Average temperatures Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Min °C 14 17 21 25 26 27 26 26 26 24 19 14 Max °C 26 29 34 36 36 34 32 32 32 32 29 26 Min °F 57 63 70 77 79 81 79 79 79 75 66 57 Max °F 79 84 93 97 97 93 90 90 90 90 84 79 The monsoon goes roughly from June 5 to October 15, but already in May, the first showers in the afternoon may occur. Temperatures average around 32—40 °C 90—104 °F in most of the interior. The void left by the jet stream, which switches from a route just south of the Himalayas to one tracking north of Tibet, then attracts warm, humid air. Here is the average precipitation. Such anomalies have occurred during a sustained warm spell that began in the 1990s. The onset of the summer monsoon is marked by a period of premonsoonal rain over South China and Taiwan in early May.
Two contiguous green areas averaging 22. Srinagar - Average precipitation Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Prec. Thus, climates ranging from nearly tropical in the foothills to tundra above the can coexist within several hundred metres of each other. Therefore, bodies of water stay at a more even temperature, while land temperature are more variable. Thousands of people have been displaced by ongoing sea level rises that have submerged low-lying islands in the. As Southwest Monsoon approaches the withdrawal phase from a particular region, certain conditions become prevalent. Monsoon in India is controlled by two important features namely, the Monsoon trough and Monsoon systems.
It is also sometimes called the Desert monsoon as a large part of the affected area are the and. Now the only question in people's mind is how to file a claim, car accident. About 75% of the total rainfall of the country is supplied by the monsoon torrents during this season. India's two island territories, Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are also subject to this climate. The , the , and the rank among the , devastating the coasts of eastern India and neighbouring Bangladesh. It also forms a barrier for the winds, keeping them from travelling northwards, and causing heavy rainfall in the region instead.
Once the upper level Easterly jets are replaced by westerly, winds from South Andaman sea blows in a southeast direction and onsets Southwest monsoon on Andaman islands by May 20. Elevations above 6,000 metres 19,685 ft never experience rain; all precipitation falls as snow. As part of the larger-scale Asian monsoon, the monsoon over India is formed due to intense solar heating in late spring as the solar maximum moves north from the equator. In Car Nicobar, on the southern islands, the rains continue even in December and mid-January, while they end earlier in Port Blair and in the northernmost regions. The bulk of the rainfall of the Coromandel Coast is derived from depressions and cyclones. The inflow of the south-west monsoon into India brings about a total change in the weather.
In late May, signs of the approaching monsoon start appearing. Such rainfall is highly erratic; regions experiencing rainfall one year may not see precipitation for the next couple of years or so. One part moves northwards over the Arabian Sea and up the coastal side of the Western Ghats. The south-west monsoon winds weaken and start withdrawing gradually. Because of studies of records from the and that of the wind-blown dust in the of , many geologists believe the monsoon first became strong around 8 million years ago. A part of North-East trade winds blow over Bay of Bengal.
The west coast is very rainy because not far in the east there's a mountain range called Western Ghats, which forces the ascent of the moist air coming from the sea. When there is a low, depression or cyclone close by the rainfall occurs throughout the day. In July and August, the sky is almost always cloudy and the humidity high. During winter, temperatures are particularly high for the season because in winter the north-easterly winds descend from the Western Ghats, and slightly warm up with a foehn-like effect. Elevated atmospheric levels of sulphur gases formed such as and , similar to those found in the ; these precipitated as.
Ooty - Average temperatures Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Min °C 6 7 9 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 9 7 Max °C 20 21 22 23 22 18 17 17 19 19 19 20 Min °F 43 45 48 52 52 52 52 52 50 50 48 45 Max °F 68 70 72 73 72 64 63 63 66 66 66 68 In Udhagamandalam too, the sun shines often in the dry season and quite rarely in the rainy months, however, it is a little less sunny than the coast because of the position in the mountains, where it is easier for clouds to form. The inclusion of the and monsoons with incomplete wind reversal has been debated. . In general the southeast trade winds flow south of the equator and the Northeast trade winds flow north of the equator. Such shifts are not new. In order to understand the cause of retreating monsoon you have to understand the mechanism of summer monsoon first. Thus the moisture laden wind blows to the windward side of the ghats, causing heavy rainfall in the coastal region and ghat areas and the rainfall in Bangalore is limited.