A more recent study by Sine, Mitsuhashi, and Kirsch 2006 has demonstrated that new ventures in emerging sectors require more formalization and organizational structure that is inherent with the mechanistic structure Sine et al. Mechanistic structures are primarily hierarchical, with an emphasis on specialization, and vertical communication. Written communication is used to track and advise on all aspects of work; this is a heavy-reporting organizational model. As a learning insight, assessment is important to be considered by every management team when promoting a mechanistic structure. Mechanistic organization are comparatively simpler and easy to organize, but find it.
In mechanistic organization, authority reflects a well defined hierarchy where top level managers make the majority of the decisions. There is a greater scale of verbal communication between parties. However, due to its rigid structure, a mechanistic model of structure is often incapable of adapting to rapidly changing business needs. This allows the organically structured workplace to be more progressive and adaptable to change, as the business is not as rigidly structured as in a mechanistic model. Second, creativity, and thus innovation, are restricted by the rigidity of standardized and formalization. It has an extensive information system, and employees rarely participate in decision making.
Academy of Management Journal, 49 1 , 121-132. If government regulations, economic fluctuation or technology evolution impact the industry, a mechanistic company struggles to take the necessary precautions or to take advantage of opportunities that come about with the changes. Omniscience no longer imputed to the head of the concern; knowledge about the technical or commercial nature of the here and now may be located anywhere in the network. For the most part, mechanistic organization is applied to most all business structures but is predominant in manufacturing while organic organization is best applied to businesses that apply a more open business structure such as online business platforms. There is a definitive position of leadership, as well as a hierarchical arrangement of other departments and positions. The following are some of the characteristics of Mechanistic organization structure.
Difference Mechanistic Organisation Structure: 1. Job descriptions are detailed and specialized. The environment is unpredictable but because of the freedom afforded the employees and management it is better maintained. While this moves more toward the mechanistic approach, it gives teams clear leadership with specific goals not subject to team ideas. Ultimately, business leaders want both the creative elements and teamwork in an organic structure with the clarity of mechanistic in terms of authority and vision.
A set of formal procedures, functions and processes are implemented throughout the organization under a mechanistic organizational structure. There are four main elements to organizational structure; centralization, formalization, hierarchy, and departmentalization. The rest of the individuals in the group adapt to the changes as they need to. Organic structur e is a decentralized approach, whereas mechanistic structure is a centralized approach. With so much management, bureaucratic structures have strong boundaries. From there, management should set key positions in a more flat structure that define who is responsible for what.
Consequently, the adoption of the organic management structure for the organization means that the old classical management techniques of job descriptions, job grading, and methods used to identify the completion of tasks will be no more. There are two primary structure types; organic and mechanistic. This leads to the most important question, which design options should be considered, but before considering however, there are a number of variables which need to be taken into account with design options such as strategy, size, technology and the environment surrounding the organization before any decisions can be made. New ventures also generally require greater managerial resources per employee which a hierarchical structure would provide Sine et al. Communication is primarily vertical, with more emphasis on down-ward directives than on upward communication.
The authority to solve problems is given to those who are capable of solving such problems irrespective of their position or status. The mechanistic design is without a doubt, not the right model regardless of how many tools, steps and measures are classified for managing in this way. These two communication structures are commonly referred to as mechanistic and organic. As a result of the stability of tasks, there is tends to be low integration between functional areas and departments in organization. Academy of Management Review, 2 1 , 27-37. Mechanistic structures are generally centralized whereas organic structures tend to be decentralized. For an to be , the participants or workers should have equal levels, with no job descriptions or classifications, and communication should have a -like form.
Continued Relevance Despite the disadvantages, the mechanistic organizational structure continues to have relevance. Mechanistic Organizational Structure The mechanistic organizational structure is the most common business structure and is typically used in a manufacturing environment. The use of Organic Organizations is thought to provide incentive to employees to co-operate and perform to the best of their abilities. Mechanistic structures are highly formalized, which simply means that nearly all processes and procedures have been administratively authorized. Different organizations will adopt different organisation structures to help achieve their goals. Although restaurants, cafes, bakeries, ice cream shops, etc have an established position in the marketplace, none are quite like Rutabaga. Specialization carries throughout the organization.
Structure of the Organization 6 2. The uncertainty of organic organizations makes it virtually impossible and almost counterproductive to institute standardized processes and procedures. Mechanistic organisation structure is an appropriate form of structure for organisations operating in a stable environment. A team member's role can adjust, as the needs of the organization and as immediate tasks change over time. The reconciliation, for each level in the hierarchy, of these distinct performances by the immediate superiors, who are also, in turn, responsible for seeing that each is relevant in his own special part of the main task.