The next critical point King addresses is the question of extremism, which his critics have used as an insult or warning, and by which they hope to de-legitimize the civil rights movement. It is this tension that concerns his critics, but he defends the idea resolutely, arguing that while he opposes violence, the nonviolent tension he is advocating is necessary for the growth and development of American society. Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered. King used an approach to resolve issues in nonviolent manners. Enter: letter to the editor. Luther ensures that for every action he advocates for, he gives the reasons why he advocates for the particular actions. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust.
He used examples of well-known religious leaders and their successes throughout history to show his stance on civil rights and the need to change the way people viewed his race. In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs. The riots spread from the campus to the nearby town of Oxford. As had happened in Montgomery, violence followed the concessions. Helal Ahmed Professor Smith English 125 October 6, 2010 Summary of M.
Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. They have left their secure congregations and walked the streets of Albany, Georgia, with us. Why sit ins, marches and so forth? The method was dangerous—kids could get hurt—but also potentially very symbolically powerful: children were the beneficiaries of the movement; they represented the movement's hope for the future. GradeSaver, 30 July 2014 Web. The letter stated that only the use of non-violent actions could help achieve the true civil rights for all members of society. He describes the serious injustice facts among the black people to prove that there is no better timing for something.
King establishes an exhaustive list of the burdens African Americans face on a national scale, and the detrimental effects those policies and actions have on mental health. I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. If this philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets of the South would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood. It alludes to numerous secular thinkers, as well as to the Bible. I hope you are able to see the distinction I am trying to point out. While King writes about the effects and injustices of segregation, Beverly writes about the causes of self-segregation.
His actions also shows his commitment to the movement and the fact that he was a leader. But such an ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest. We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed. . Imagery shows all throughout this paragraph to create powerful and tear quenching emotions from the reader to get you to at. Just Laws Should Be Obeyed, Unjust Laws Should Be Broken 2. This distinction makes his civil disobedience just.
King opens the letter with stating his position as President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference—an organization operating in every southern state that has affiliation with the Alabama Christian Movement for Human rights. One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters they were in reality standing up for the best in the American dream and the most sacred values in our Judeo — Christian heritage. He states that they are beaten up and denied food whenever they demand to say the grace or pray together with their white counter parts. On the basis of these promises, the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the leaders of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights agreed to a moratorium on all demonstrations. However, even though the demonstrations were put on hold, the racial and degrading slurs were not removed. Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers.
But again I have been disappointed. In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. This is certainly a legitimate concern. King explains that his group meant to dramatize racism and make sure that the community at large was forced to confront the issue by getting up in everyone's faces, so to speak. The letter has great emotional appeal brought up by a number of issues discussed by Martin Luther. Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood, Martin Luther King, Jr.
I doubt that you would so quickly commend the policemen if you were to observe their ugly and inhumane treatment of Negroes here in the city jail; if you were to watch them push and curse old Negro women and young Negro girls; if you were to see them slap and kick old Negro men and young boys; if you were to observe them, as they did on two occasions, refuse to give us food because we wanted to sing our grace together. King here makes the commitment to carry on with his cause of justice with or without the support of the church. He came to Birmingham because he was on the call from affiliates in Alabama to engage in a non-violent direct action. One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. To be more specific, King explained another reason that he was in Birmingham. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority.
King writes his letter from jail, as he and other African Americans have been arrested for protesting the segregation policies and overt racism in Birmingham; those protests violated an injunction on parading, demonstrating, boycotting, trespassing, and picketing. Is it legal for millions of people to be citizens of second order? When they decided they could, they then prepared to protest 171. He ordered his administration to prepare a new Civil Rights Bill. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? His supporters did not, however, include all the black clergy of Birmingham, and he was strongly opposed by some of the white clergy who had issued a statement urging African Americans not to support the demonstrations. Perhaps I have once again been too optimistic.