As Foucault made clear in his History of Sexuality ancient cultures had widely differing notions of gender, yet Jung's description of anima traits holds up across time and space. The character of Lotte from Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther becomes more than the hero's anima projection and assumes her role as a complex, female protagonist tragically drawn into the anima field along with Werther. Just within his own personal drama, Jung found the archetypes of: an inner female, a dark-skinned scary dude, some mothers of course , a hero, a wise old fart, and a bunch of colors and funky shapes and animals that talk. Dreams offer the ego information, advice, constructive criticism, even wisdom. Background: The significance of dreams has been explained in psychoanalysis, depth psychology and gestalt therapy.
Jung and his followers originally studied literature to explain phenomena of the psyche and not to practice literary criticism. Why hast Thou forsaken me? Their imagery is predominantly feminine. While assumes that the repressed material hidden in the unconscious is given by repressed sexual instincts, analytical psychology has a more general approach. This is a very shorthand explanation of Jungian literary criticism at work. Practitioners of cultural criticism view a text in relation to the dominant or competing ideologies belief systems of the time and place in which the text was written. A Brief Outline of Jungian Psychology. Also crucial is the belief that show ideas, beliefs, and feelings that individuals are not readily aware of but need to be, and that such material is expressed in a personalized vocabulary of visual.
Then he asks her how the blood came to be on the key. Chapter 3 of Wilfred Guerin at al. So, think less Superman and more the regular dude Clark Kent who is also the hero Superman. When Bluebeard returns, he asks her for the keys. Practitioners believe that works cannot be viewed in isolation from history and culture. For example, when reading a text, a Jungian critic might ask: Does the in this text represent a kind of mythological hero? The Archetype of Pilgrimage: Outer Action With Inner Meaning.
The sense, in Under Milk Wood, is that of a blithe acceptance of the passing of time and the knowledge that things return; the sunrise, the Spring and the dead. One aspect of the land, its tough silicate minerals, is projected onto bureaucrats to give them and by extension all humankind a durability and structure they would not otherwise possess. If you're bored tonight and want to do some Jungian criticism of your own, we suggest you keep handy. New York: Dell Books, 1964. Curiosity might not be the decisive issue at all in the dream. When she says that she does not know, he says that he knows that she used it to enter the closet. This type of criticism, like Jungian criticism, is rooted in psychoanalysis.
Our witch in Hansel and Gretel puts the children into her oven in order to cook and eat them. And that, in a poem dealing so much with the sea, the cyclic nature of life, and with balance of land and sea, seems a fault. Among these more spiritual concepts may arise and be integrated into the personality. Certainly these webs of buildings is an unfortunate mixture of anima and animus, and indeed makes little sense on other grounds. Dreams are similar to garlic, which may smell unpleasant but is quite effective for our health. This individuation process is not accomplished by merely obtaining fame and glory through material achievement or notoriety.
The analytic revelations then, of Freud , have not only influenced those writers such as Breton, Auden and Woolf who are were intimately acquainted with his writing but also writers like Dylan Thomas who, by his own admission, came to psychoanalysis through other creative writers works. So we see the point of the first conceit. That method's choice is related with his choice of the object of his science. Our perception of dreams may be visual, auditory, proprioceptive or kinesthetic. Such analysis may be based from a variety of critical approaches or movements, e. Hence, while useful in bridging the gap between depth psychology and literature, our Jungian reading neglects the comparative literary history of Goethe's novel. Taboos become so because what they prohibit is viewed as a threat to societal growth, and therefore what is made a taboo has to be understood in the light of something that was once widely practised otherwise society would not have found itself sufficiently threatened enough to make that practise taboo.
The results show clearly that a longer duration of the psychotherapy leads to a higher degree of change of structure. If we survive technology's zenith, the atom bomb. Of the archetypes comprising the collective unconscious what Jung later called the objective psyche , that of the Self is the central governing archetype. Her dream shows new insights for the exploration of unconsciousness boundaries in her personality, especially for anima. She has a latent and unconscious paradox toward the feminine-masculinity spectrum that primarily originated in her personal unconscious experiences from infancy to adolescence. A common enough story; two children, abused by their parents, run off together into even greater danger: drug addiction, prostitution and homelessness.
But aware of or attentive to what — their surroundings, the aggregate make-up of the buildings, their tough, intricate lives? The case also highlights the utility of dream as an instrument for diagnosis, aetiology and intervention in clinical psychotherapy. For Pratt, Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights would be an example of a female individuation. Jung's definition of the term is inconsistent in his many writings. Finally, in Sri Ramakrishna's writings he found a practical and profound quote in which the master stressed that in practice ego dissolution was impossible and that the ego should therefore be utilized as a servant of God. As a form of literary criticism, it dates back to 1934 when published.
From the therapeutic point of view, the metaphors and analogies are somewhat obvious, but this is not the case with all dreams. Taboos, as we know, are such because what is forbidden is - or has been - attractive at some stage in social development. Along the lines of Campbell's reading, Jungian theory applied to Goethe's The Sorrows of Jung Werther a work we will analyze later in more detail might explain Werther's relationship with Lotte in terms of the male protagonist's undeveloped anima and its subsequent constellation and projection. Whether or not this truly represents a universal unconscious is debatable. In the late thirties and early forties, however, Jung began to move past these self-imposed limitations. Von Franz used Homer's sirens, Faust's Helen, and Dante's Beatrice to explain the development of the anima in her male patients' dreams 193. For Freud, a lock or the keyhole in a lock is a vagina, and a key is a penis.
The collective unconscious, or the as it is less frequently known, is a number of innate thoughts, feelings, instincts, and memories that reside in the unconsciousness of all people. As a psychoanalyst, Jung wanted to probe adult humans' imagination and creativity, and then use these elements of the human psyche to help people interact in the real world. As soon as he could interpret on his own, Jung said that she ceased talking to him because she was no longer needed. A reading of a work must take into account its intention, genre, and historical situation. Hansel and Gretel is, therefore, a god-eating story in which the eater is thwarted because the witch represents the older path that seeks its own continuation: a pathway that, in concrete and vile terms, was rejected by the Nazis as children ridding themselves of the Old Jew in Auschwitz and Belsen. Being eaten by one's disciples is, however, power dilution; controlling rather than harnessing: which might be construed as 'make love more slowly', that is, Messiahs tend to be too revolutionary even for the most zealous of their followers.