The relationship between ceramic styles and social groups, in particular, has been the focus of very valuable research. Does your culture have any oral traditions? There came forth from the gate of the palace about 300 slaves, some carrying in their hands bows and others having in their hands short lances and shields. Not all minkisi were associated with iron. What influence did this have on its eventual decline? Farming allowed people to settle in towns. A History of Landscape Transformation: Bringing the Past Up to the Present. The myth of Meroe and the African Iron Age.
It followed the Stone and Bronze Ages but developed at different times in different parts of the world. At its height, Great Zimbabwe could have had a population of between 10 000 and 20 000 people. Picture B: Kola nuts, or Cola nitida, grow on the Nitida tree and has been used in West Africa for hundreds of years. Other African domesticated plants were oil palm, , , , and. The Royal Kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay Life in Medieval Africa. Picture B: Muhammad Toure standardised weights, measures and currency which allowed West Africa gold merchants to be more accurate in their trade.
Iron ores were crushed and placed in furnaces layered with the right proportion of hardwood. In about a thousand years the Bantu-speaking peoples expanded over much of the continent, spreading their languages and cultures among the existing populations, absorbing those original peoples and being absorbed by them. Technology benefits my life because I use it to find information and keep in touch with friends … and relatives. The only source of information available about this ancient culture is the Great Zimbabwe ruins. During the Iron Age, the best weapons and the best tools were made from steel,which is a combination of iron and carbon.
They recite epics that reveal historical occurrences and events. Cotton weaving was practiced by the Ndau and Shona. Examples of these date back as far as the early Iron Age in and Schmidt 1997 in Childs et al. Askia Daud, who lived from 1549 to 1582, also promoted expansion and soon Songhai stretched as far as Cameroon. The Swahili traders in East Africa were major suppliers of gold to Asia in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean trade routes. Examines the development of social complexity, concentrating upon urbanism and state formation in seven main areas of Africa: Nubia, Ethiopia, the West African savanna, the West African forest, the East African coast and islands, the Zimbabwe Plateau, and parts of Central Africa. In most regions of Africa they fell out of use before 1950.
They cover 6500 square kilometres and were all dug by the people. Bellows on the side would be used to add oxygen. Learners are able to demonstrate an understanding of concepts relevant to the area of investigation and recognise that relations of power operate within societies. The Iron Age is the last period in a three-age archaeological system. The Ndau in central Mozambique and the Shona mixed hide with barkcloth and cotton cloth.
Source: He brought 500 slaves and 500 golden staffs as well as gold to trade along the way. Cavalry consisted of shielded, mounted soldiers. Sources: Sources: What was the Iron Age? He conquered Timbuktu and the harbour of Jenne, or Djenne, both important Malian cities. By sea down the coast or by land across the Sahara, this knowledge penetrated into the forests and savannas of West Africa during the thousand years before Christ, or at roughly the same time that iron making was reaching western Europe. . The women usually gathered food while the men hunted. The Iron Age in Europe can be characterized by an increment of decorations in the weapons and daily utensils.
It was also common in West Central Africa as the currency of the Kingdom of Kongo called locally nzimbu. This is because there is no written or oral history about the people of Great Zimbabwe. Iron is most commonly used for two main things in West Africa,Monuments, and Women's Toiletry. Map B: The route Da Gama took became known as the Spice Route and linked Europe to Asia by sea for the first time. Vasco da Gama and other Europeans who visited the area kept records of the cities and their destruction. Learners are able to raise questions about the past and extract and organise evidence from a variety of historical sources of information.
Let us first look and see what the Iron Age is. Demonstrate an understanding of concepts relevant to the area of investigation and recognise that relations of power operate within societies. Iron slag, crucibles, blooms, ingots, casting spills, hammers, chisels, and wire drawing equipment have been found throughout the site. Write a short essay about Timbuktu. The demand for trade is believed to have resulted in some societies working only as smelters or smiths, specialising in just one of the many skills necessary to the production process. The diversity of subsidence practices that developed across Africa during the Iron Age is remarkable. He centralised his government by introducing a large bureaucratic force to oversee and administer his kingdom.
Smelting of magnetite and magnetite-ilmenite ores in the northern Lowveld, South Africa, ca. It is also law in mostWest Africa that women are not alowed to uri … nate unless the do sointo a iron container. Livestock provided a living to peoples in the arid portions of the savanna belt and the Sahara, and permitted a nomadic or seasonally moving, or transhumant, way of life to flourish in certain inhospitable regions. They were also the first to use dissolved talc for fire protection, and they wore fireproof clothing, to which Gunpowder cartridges were attached. Before European merchants and sailors opened up the Atlantic Ocean the West African trade trade industry focused northwards. Archaeoastronomy: Supplement to the Journal for the History of Astronomy; 32 26 : S1—S20. Although a study of the impact of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa, this comprehensive volume gives a very good picture of the enormous cultural diversity present in sub-Saharan Africa during the Later Iron Age.
Map of the regions of Africa. When the small nation was again attacked, 11 of the king's 12 sons were killed, with only Sundiata Keita, a cripple, spared and exiled. His lavish display of riches and generosity drew the attention of the whole Islamic world and Europe. The precious metal was popular among African rulers and merchants travelling to Cairo, Egypt, in North Africa, Europe and the Roman Empire. This trade network was not limited to the East African coast, but also played a role in the growth of new political and cultural kingdoms on Madagascar. Although archaeologists have long held that ironmaking spread from a single point of origin in Europe, Schmidt shows that African iron smelting developed independently, based on the use of indigenous natural resources and local invention.