Oilseeds constitute a very important group of commercial crops in India. Haryana is the third largest producer contributing 694 thousand tonnes 17. Cooking of Jelly: The mixture is boiled for about 20 minutes and the end point is when the final Brix reaches 65°C. Uttaranchal 1 1 8 — — 23 28. Market needs for eggplant are varied, depending on fruit color and shape and size. Tamil Nadu 978 31 — — 6 1,023 25. West Bengal, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana and Bihar also produce small quantities of groundnut.
Drying: Sun-drying or mechanical drying of fruits and vegetables involves complete removal of the moisture from them. Main pest is Fruit fly and it can be controlled by 1 Picking the affected cucumbers and destroy them. Guava and apple, need not be peeled, while fruits like, orange, lemon require peeling before used. Vegetable production increased from an average of 10. Frost, prolonged drought and heavy rains for a longer duration are harmful to this crop.
It is highly susceptible to frost, prolonged drought, continuous rain and stagnant water. The remaining castor seed is produced by Rajasthan, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The other producers include Rajasthan, Orissa and Karnataka. Freshly prepared products are highly attractive in appearance and possess good taste and aroma, but deteriorate rapidly if kept for sometime. Agriculture has always been a way of life in India and understanding the importance of this sector, we, at Sahavi Hybrid Seeds India Pvt.
Only a few states like Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and West Bengal increased their oilseed production both through area expansion and productivity improvement. In that year Rajasthan produced 1,318 thousand tonnes 33. Prevention or delay of microbial decomposition a By keeping out micro-organisms asepsis. Uttar Pradesh has been traditionally the largest producer of rapeseed and mustard but according to 2002-03 figures, Rajasthan has overtaken Uttar Pradesh to become the largest producer. Vision-To be the first choice of the consumers.
It is cultivated in plains as well as on elevations upto 1,300 metres. Karnataka produces about 12 per cent of the total groundnut production of India. Unlike other crops, they are not annual crops and usually take 3-5 years to bear returns after they are sown. In the irradiation of food, the radiation dose must be carefully controlled. Thus Gujarat alone accounted for about two thirds of the total production.
If pectin is in excess of this a firm and tough jelly is formed and if it is less the jelly may fail to set. Gujarat 1,095 123 172 — 283 1,683 8. Hybrids with high yields, high acid fruits have a fairly large share of the market in south. Vinegar: This preservative as pickles, the final percentage should not be below 2%. Production of vegetable oil falls short of the domestic demand and the country has to import oil seeds as well as vegetable oil from other countries. Biotechnology products will have scope if clear advantages are demonstrated along with safety aspects to consumers. In traditional Indian vegetables like cucumber and Indian Gourds bitter gourd, bottle gourd and ridge gourd also, hybrids are gaining popularity.
Use of contaminated coater should be avoided. Maharashtra 438 35 2 13 7 2,327 16. Chhattisgarh produced 16 lakh tonnes 9. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer accounting for over 22 per cent of the total groundnut produced in India. The groundnut oil is also used for manufacturing margarine, medical emulsions, wool and silk, artificial leather, soap and toilet requisites. Vegetable Production: Advantages vs Limitations Commercial Advantages of growing Vegetables: How growing vegetables benefits farmers: In today's era of diversification of agriculture, farmers are now shifting from traditional subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture.
The finished products after canning or bottling should be stored in well-ventilated rooms in a cool and dry place. The product must be prevented from the damage of insect and animals and prepare transportation and packaging must be ensured to protect the food products from any mechanical problems. The hybrid market share in this crop is around 50 tons. Vegetable Seed Production : India figures among the top three vegetables seed producing countries in Asia requiring hand pollination, others being China and Thailand. Sugar Baby and Charleston types are also grown in some areas while a small market for icebox type 3-4 kg fruits is emerging.
Chhattisgarh 38 7 19 16 — 101 6. In general, resistance to black rot and diamond back moth, heat tolerance and good field holding capacity are important requirements in cabbage. Cucumber seeds can be used in oil extraction. In some states like Orissa, area productivity and production declined sharply. For drip Irrigation advantages Weed control operations in cucumber farming:- Shallow cultivation can be given during the early stages of cucumber plant growth to control the weeds.