The condenser surface is used for condensing at an appropriate discharge pressure while the subcooling coil provides the ability to lower the liquid temperature to within a few degrees of the ambient air or water. You need to have the right tools and know-how to apply these principles to use the tool as it was designed. If so, are the heaters upstream or downstream from the coil? An overcharge will give a low Superheat along with a higher compression ratio. Pipe temperature can be read at the inlet of the compressor on the suction line if the pipe is less than 15 feet from the evaporator and there is a minimum pressure drop between the two points. If you overcharge it, it will rise. Thermal expansion valves rarely fail if properly installed. In addition, many variables besides refrigerant charge affect subcooling, like airflow, coil matching, metering device type, and sizing, as well as coil cleanliness.
Often, measuring temperatures or pressures at key points in a system can pinpoint trouble spots. Consequently, the quantity of vapor which enters the compressor is decreased by superheating. Do I add or remove refrigerant to get the 90 degrees temperature I need? Refrigerant absorbs not only the heat required to vaporize it, but also an extra quantity of sensible heat, due to which it is superheated Effect Of Superheating Superheating is the sensible heating of refrigerant vapor at invariable pressure in the evaporator to a temperature more than the temperature of saturation corresponding to the evaporator pressure. Imagine you have two systems with orifice metering devices that have refrigerant system problems. The Weigh-in Method One other method of charging is the weigh-in method. Using Subcooling to Troubleshoot An improper subcooling value can indicate various system problems.
Also, for super heat I have always checked the suction line temp at the condenser, you mention to do it at the evaporator. Is the indoor fan running? I realise that im going on about two issues, but i feel that if i can understand how subcooling can vary on a sytem then i can understand this fault. More than this means liquid is starting to back up into the condenser. Are there electric heaters running indoors during defrost? These systems are critically charged and require correct airflow and accurate test instruments to properly and accurately charge the system. The total heat in the air will be the driving factor for the evaporator performance so low or high airflow will have a direct impact on the charge and the system performance. Systems that use regular receivers will have little or no subcooling. Manufacturers will note the amount of subcooling needed to get the published capacity of a unit.
Need help with this process go! How do you know the gas charge is good? This subcooling doesn't cost us almost nothing, only a pump running which we needed anyhow. Typically once the target subcooling is achieved, additional refrigerant should not be added in attempt to increase suction pressure. The defrost termination sensor is on the lowest circuit at the bottom of the coil. But after all this theory it could also be sticking 4 way valves. Could the refrigerant be subcooled to such a degree. Add refrigerant to lower the suction superheat. Without being able to measure the actual drop I would assume a 2 degree drop to be safe.
Could it have something to do with the colder ambients causing the refrigerant to back up in the outdoor coil and accumulator then when the system reverse cycles defrost their is some sort of hydrolic action happeneing forcing the hp up? Subcooling added along the way to the evaporator is a whole different story. It's easy to say that this increase in subcooling happened because liquid stacked up in the condenser, however liquid also stacked up in the condenser in the previous case, yet the subcooling dropped! Subcooling is determined not only by the size of the liquid column in the condenser, but also by the heat transfer coefficient, coil volume, and refrigerant velocity, just to name a few of the variables involved. How could the hp climb eventhough i am driving on the fans which should be lowering the hp. During the last 30sec of the defrost the outdoor fan cycled on at 60c , diff 8c. The remote condenser has one fan that runs at all time, 2 fans roughly cycle between 260psi to 230psi.
Lowering the pressure makes the compressor's job easier, increasing it's efficiency. The sum of the sensible and latent heat of the air is called enthalpy or total heat. One thing everyone needs to remember is that subcooling in a condenser should not be done by backing up liquid in the condenser coil. Any insights you all can give will be greatly appreciated. Take the pressure reading and use a temperature-pressure chart to convert that reading to the saturated temperature of the refrigerant that the system uses. A single manufacturing dimension, marginally over-tolerance, caused the valve to stick under certain situations. Could it have something to do with the colder ambients causing the refrigerant to back up in the outdoor coil and accumulator then when the system reverse cycles defrost their is some sort of hydrolic action happeneing forcing the hp up? Therefore we have a 'small condenser'.
Subcooling added along the way to the evaporator is a whole different story. Could the following be happening? The fault doesnt happen often enough for me to check the temps on the 4 way valve. This scenario was taken from the article from the news publication. The gas charge is good because I reclaimed, evacuated and recharged with the correct amount of 407C. Due to the liquid sitting in the outdoor coil under low ambient conditions when it reverse cycles and turns into a condenser their is already liquid backed up and this takes a while to balance out again but in due course the hp manual trips? Measure the liquid line temperature with an accurate clamp probe thermometer. Not all evaporators have a suction service port. This is the temperature of the refrigerant when the last of the liquid has boiled into a vapor.
Perhaps a load was added to equipment that was marginal to begin with. Reclaim refrigerant to reduce subcooling. But as both independant stages are tripping periodicallly it seems unlikely. Leave the valve alone unless you're reduced to no other factors. ? As the vapor travels through the condenser, heat is removed and the vapor starts to turn to liquid.