This includes the Strait of Hormuz—located between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman—which provides the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf to the open ocean. This is the container age of maritime trade. Realizing the importance of maritime affairs and its significance towards the national security, Pakistan has recently changed the nomenclature of Ministry of Ports and Shipping to Ministry of Maritime Affairs. These are: 1 it is a vital sea route between the West and the East. The reason being cited is piracy near horn of Africa.
Pakistan also provides the shortest sea access to Afghanistan, Central Asian States and China. But Beijing is not the only one that has bases in the region. It was also evident from the Chinese submarine port calls. By 2027, the capacity will be expanded to hold 198 warships. India has realised the strategic implications of the presence of super powers added to the fact that it also has to face hostile neighbours. Countries had to utilize their resources to counter this threat in a sustained and multilateral fashion. They believe they can help the Egyptians find a social and economic development model that will support economic growth without engendering political instability.
National Maritime Domain Awareness Plan. The Indian Ocean and the states on its littoral are of significant and growing importance. For its part, the Maldives benefits from its ability to balance between China and India, turning their geopolitical competition into engagement and aid. The Indian Ocean, sometimes called the maritime Silk Road, represents the profound linkages between the Middle East and a rising Asia. The wide shelf areas are confined to the northern parts of the Bay of Bengal, the Persian Gulf area, the northeastern parts of the Arabian Sea from the coast of Pakistan to Goa and the narrow shelf areas are confined to the coast of Somalia down to the Mozambique Channel. Suez Canal is an artificial link with the Western world.
The world is changing fast and new political interests are emerging rapidly. These threats may have traditional implications for extra-regional maritime users. First Published: April 24, 2017 Last Updated:April 24, 2017 The Indian Ocean has always had a geopolitical significance to the world. Moreover, the Indian Ocean is the battleground for some of the key sea lanes in the world like- Malacca Strait and Strait of Hormuz. In all, 22 piracy attempts have been averted by the Navy. Therefore, aligning with Myanmar and Bangladesh is important to China to transport energy if any rivalry worsens. In comparison to other oceans, it has the largest number of marginal seas- touching warm water of the Arabian coast to the frozen landmass of Antarctica.
But it has acquired an unprecedented momentum in recent years. South Littoral African region is important force iron-ore, copper, gold, lead and manganese; t West Asia is important for petroleum and its products; the South Asia is significant in the production' of iron ore, coal, bauxite, manganese, mica and natural gas; the South-East Asian region is important for bauxite, gold, tin, tungsten and zinc; and the Australian region has sizeable production of several minerals. Jayasuriya K 2013 Regulatory State with Dirigiste Characteristics: Variegated Pathways of Regulatory Governance. The Ocean floor also contains manganese nodules areal coverage 10 million sq. Due to its strategic location, in one of the busiest bottle- necks for maritime trade in the world, made it significant. So, a geopolitical presence in the region will mean a race for becoming a super power.
With rich resources in this ocean and in the littoral states, such a possibility has added an additional dimension in the geopolitical strategy of the region. China, Japan and India rely heavily on oil from the Persian Gulf states, while a new economic interdependence has developed in manufactured goods, energy refinery capacity, food security and labor migration. We welcome your comments at. This input has to be considered when deciding on long-term strategic decisions by India and also Sri Lanka. The relationship that Sri Lanka shares with India is historical and socio-cultural.
This has to be appreciated because India should give first priority to its neighbouring nations. Sri Lanka as a stabilizer Sri Lankan politics will be affected from time to time by geopolitics of the Indian Ocean due to its location closer to India and the maritime route. Defence and Security Journal, 1 1 , p. With known reserves of over 65% of world oil and 35% of the world gas in the littoral states, Indian Ocean is the epicenter of maritime economy and military presence of the world. Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean of the world which lies adjacent to the continents of Asia, Africa, and Australia. Establishing preeminent sea power is a key geopolitical strategy successfully implemented by great maritime empires such as England. Keeping these dangers in mind, India has taken the most appropriate stand of keeping the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace.
Most of these mid-oceanic islands have been under the control of the former European colonial nations like Great Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain and with few exceptions, they still provide ideal strategic locations to the Western powers. Besides these agricultural products, the countries of the Indian Ocean region are rich store ho of the mineral wealth. But India has reinitiated engagement with the archipelago, prompted by its new China-oriented trajectory. However, Indo-Sri Lanka political anxieties persist due to the volatile geopolitics of the Indian Ocean and understanding this is the key to resolving many issues. Is it in play for China? The native states and countries of the Indian Ocean are varied in their international political ideology and behaviour.
New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks. The Sino-India relation is the most important and the most complicated bilateral relations in the Indian Ocean region. China aims to help these countries in development activities, so that it can get African support in pushing forward its One China Policy for getting control over Taiwan and to counter the human rights claims that are brought against it to the United Nations. This region is rich in Fishing and other Aquaculture activities. The countries bordering the Indian Ocean are home to 2. Chinese state-backed firms are also in Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Bangladesh.