Not all positions are equally pleasant, equally important, or equal in terms of required talent and ability. Consequently, there is much of group tension and conflict. It is determined by the talents, wealth, money, intelligence, power, education, income, etc. Role conflict: A social group, as already observed, carries on its life smoothly and harmoniously to the extent that roles are clearly assigned and each member accepts and fulfills the assigned role according to expectations. Because of the tendency to maintain their status, people resist changes potentially disruptive of the status.
Poverty and Stratification: Surplus wealth or resources left with individuals become the source of any further economic order or stratification. She is given the kind of task that accords with her child bearing function. In such a case we will have to qualify our statement when we make his status evaluation. Society provides its members with a mechanism through which they learn the ways of social living. However, physiological passage to adulthood does not necessarily coincide with the social transition of the individual from one category to the other. In modern society the emphasis is upon achievement. Serfs or the peasants constituted the lowest stratum.
Some roles are regarded more valuable and the persons who perform these roles are given higher status. The Functionalist View of Stratification: 1. Controlling effect on the 'Shady' World: Mass stratification has another social control function, Even in the 'shady' world of gamblers and in the under world of lower criminals, black-marketers, racketeers, smugglers etc. It forms the larger power structure that influences all the social activities within that particular community. Man achieves many things through collective effort, 11 A system of distribution: Production is closely associated with distribution. Please like our Facepage page and Write Articles for this website Please Primary Sidebar. The age at which he can marry is usually prior to the age at which he can vote, the age at which he can make a contract is lower than the age at which he can get a job.
In the developing nations of Asia and Africa this shift is taking place. According to Wilbert More and Kingsley Davis, stratification system came to be evolved in all the societies due to the functional necessity. By doing so it will encourage people to put initiative and do their best. Article shared by Social stratification performs several functions which are useful and essential for the society. Main principles of structural functionalism: a. The most important positions are rewarded the most--the least important are rewarded the least. Through subsystems like Jajmani system the caste system promoted interdependent interaction between various castes and communities with in a village.
It is associated with the principle of endogamy and heredity that define the lifestyle of the people within the same caste or sub-caste. An intersectional approach recognizes that systems of oppression intersect to shape people's lives and to sort them into hierarchies. A good question is how does the social class stratification originates? He was impressed by Karl Marx but not every time he agreed with his all theories. I have participated in many social events. Finally, people may differ in the behaviour they expect of a person who has an assigned role.
Members of socially favoured group prevent the entry from the lower groups. The people belonging to various classes and groups of people come forward to join different professions and jobs. According to Marvin Harris and Tim Ingold, Lewis Henry Morgan's accounts of egalitarian hunter-gatherers formed part of Karl Marx and Engels's inspiration for communism. Most working class people belong to the untouchables and their status do not change because they marry with in their cast. In this hierarchal system some people stand on the top of social class ladder and some stand in the middle and some at the bottom. Stratification may also be defined by kinship ties or castes. Theoretically, we can analyze social stratification from three major perspectives.
The person who performs the obligations well may be held in high esteem as compared to the one who does not. The ancient Aryas were divided into four varnas: the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras. This process is called 'role allocation'. But In the present-day society the rights of superiority and respect are deteriorating as the modern family has become an individualized unit and is no longer united in a common economic endeavour. In actual practice, however, we find that there is doubt or disagreement as to what behaviour is expected in a given role and sometimes an individual resents the role assigned to him and fails to live upto the expectations. The cook in restaurant, who has a higher status, receives orders from the waiter who has a low status. Functionalists are primarily concerned with the function of social stratification and its contribution to the maintenance and well being of the society.
Though in our society the statuses assigned to women have changed greatly yet it is doubtful if the ascription of status according to sex will ever disappear from society. Qualified people who fill those positions must be rewarded more than others. Social stratification defines the hierarchical structures of class and status in a society. In class system people are allowed to change their social status by receiving high level of education and white color job. Generally, sons of professional people and wealthy persons have a better- chance of attaining high positions than do sons of non-professional people and poor persons. Kinship-oriented cultures actively work to prevent social hierarchies from developing because they believe that such stratification could lead to conflict and instability. Horizontal mobility Apart from the above two broad types of social stratification, there are two other types of social stratification in terms of dimension of time.
Hence, stratification is social by nature. Melvin Tumin also agreed to their point of classification done on the basis of power, economic condition, position in society etc. People attach high value to a particular job irrespective of the individual who holds it. They share these with a network of friends and family members. This attraction exerts a social control function.
Role and status go together. Income, however, is the best way to measure a nation's productivity too. All societies classify their members into a number of groups or categories and ascribe to such categories differing degrees of status. A sweeper may do his job well, yet in spite of his excellent work, he will occupy a low position. As the recession hit, they were often among the first to lose their jobs. The result is disappointment and frustration. The different class of people in the U.