Healthy competition among experts A functional organization structure gives importance to functional specialization. Functional organizational structure is suitable for smaller companies or the companies that focus on a standard product or service. Similar resources are centralized in groups. Increase efficiency Each department of the enterprise is under the supervision of a functional specialist. Workers are supervised by a number of bosses. The executives perform only a few functions.
People understand boundaries, who answers to whom and who takes the blame or credit for results. Diverse interests are consolidated to the above problems. It also has tight schedule and deadlines which makes it a stressful workplace. The company gets the advantage of their expertise and company knowledge over time. It helps in maintaining ability and uniformity in the performance of functional areas throughout the.
Ideally, the companies decide based on what is urgently needed. He specifies what is to be done, when it is to be done, and how much of the available resources are needed. Qualified Supervision Functional structures offer a very specific career ladder for participants. About the Author Lauren Nelson was a nationally recognized public speaker and debater for eight years and has three years of contracted technical writing under her belt. The project manager processes the full authority over it.
This dedication automatically increases the focus and motivation of team members for the success of the project. In a similar manner, they do not cooperate with each other in solving organizational problems. What are the advantages of Projectized Organizations? In many situations he receives conflicting instructions from executives which may divide his loyalty. Generally, the heads of these specialized units will report to the top management of the company. Thus, the overall task of managing an organization is divided, starting with the average level, according to a functional criterion. Functional Structure : Advantages of Functional Structure : Advantages of functional structure are as follows: 1. This structure strengthens the dissemination of information and better coordination of the staff.
As one can see from the above that functional organization has both advantages as well disadvantages and any company thinking of adopting this type of structure should carefully analyze both the aspects and then take the decision. This causes the organization to lose its professionalism in disciplines. This allows a single functional area expert to report to and support multiple products. Creativity is developed through interaction with various specialists. And this affects the success of projects respectively. High administrative cost The functional organization needs more administrative cost. Functional Organization Structure A functional organization structure is a hierarchical organization structure wherein people are grouped based on their area of specialization.
Facilitates growth and expansion The functional organization structure provides preference for growth and expansion of business activities. Project teams work in the same location, even in the same room in projectized organizations. This concludes the post on functional organization structure. Disadvantages of Projectized Organization: If the organization will have several projects, the resources may be doubled and there may be miscommunication when it comes to allocating these resources. Further, it promotes effective communication since there are shorter lines inside the project team. When the company gets larger, a matrix organization structure will be suitable. For example Samsung, Reliance etc.
Hence the name - the functional organization structure. It does not face the problem of limited capabilities of a few line managers. A clear chain of command is important because it creates standard operating procedures, established consequences and enhanced accountability. What is a Functional Organizational Structure? Under this system, individuals with similar jobs and skills are grouped together into productive units with a hierarchical reporting system. Therefore, it is difficult to maintain a discipline in a functional structure.
The project organization, thus, is a complex structure that facilitates the coordination and integration of many project activities. The subordinates are always in confusion to obey orders because they receive more than one order at a time. For example, the employees of finance department are given training of financial issues. There may be a lack of understanding as to how significant that specific are to the company. A deliberate conflict is established between the project officer and the existing department heads because of the overlapping of authority delegation. This type of structure is devised by the business firms when they are dealing in different categories of products.