G c is dependent on education and other forms of acculturation, and it is best assessed with tests that emphasize scholastic and cultural knowledge. This includes metacognitive, executive, performance, and knowledge-acquisition components that help to steer cognitive processes. This decline may be related to local atrophy of the brain in the right cerebellum. Using or related statistical methods, it is possible to compute a single common factor that can be regarded as a summary variable characterizing the correlations between all the different tests in a test battery. My research is motivated primarily by a theory of successful intelligence, which attempts to account for the intellectual sources of individual differences that enable people to achieve success in their lives, given the sociocultural context in which they live. This approach has, however, been criticized as misleading and uninformative, and several alternatives have been proposed.
More recently, he has added an eighth intelligence to his list Educational Leadership, 1997. However, Thurstone's tests of these abilities were found to produce a strong general factor. Propositional analogies and semantic decision tasks are also used to assess relational reasoning. Murray speculates that many Jews of low intelligence, who could not read well or fulfill the intellectual demands of their religion, tended to drift away from it. They have just experienced orgasm B. The closest has been fluid cognition, or fluid intelligence, which is paired with crystallized intelligence.
More recently, however, have generally agreed that to the environment is the key to understanding both what intelligence is and what it does. For example, they have rejected the accusation of reification, maintaining that the use of extracted factors such as g as potential causal variables whose reality can be supported or rejected by further investigations constitutes a normal scientific practice that in no way distinguishes psychometrics from other sciences. Piaget designed a number of tasks to verify hypotheses arising from his theory. The second aspect consists of the application of these processes and representations to the external world. To apply the individual differences concept of g to the Flynn effect is to confuse different levels of analysis. Similarly, high correlations between different batteries could be due to them measuring the same set of abilities rather than the same ability. Cannon-Bard theory Term The right prefrontal cortex is more active than the left prefrontal cortex when people experience A.
Their scores were found to have increased significantly. Crystallized intelligence relates to the study of aging. Job Term Teens who use alcohol prior to sexual intercourse experience A. By applying mathematical modeling techniques to reaction-time data, Sternberg isolated the components of. The average meta-analytic validity coefficient for performance in job training is.
Wendy Johnson and colleagues have published two such studies. Their results suggested that the basic cognitive processes are the building blocks of intelligence. Their refractory period is unusually short D. Fluid intelligence is the capacity to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge. Double Meanings presents two sets of word clues, and the examinee must find a word that is closely related to both word clues. The mean score of Hispanic Americans was found to be. In contrast, the left hand dominated by the right hemisphere was more adept with patterns requiring visual.
Finally, for the first time in my life I had earned his approval. Most recently, Gardner and his colleagues have launched the Good Work Project. Non-human models of g such as mice are used to study influences on intelligence and developmental research into the mechanisms behind and biological correlates of g. Perkins' book contains extensive research-based evidence that education can be considerably improved by more explicit and appropriate teaching for transfer, focusing on higher-order cognitive skills, and the use of project-based learning. Thus, the physician who learns about a new disease adapts by perceiving material on the disease in medical literature, learning what the material contains, remembering the crucial aspects that are needed to treat the patient, and then utilizing reason to solve the problem of applying the information to the needs of the patient. There are many psychologically relevant reasons for preferring factor solutions that contain a g factor. Prefer working for managers with a directive management style D.
Those with high existential intelligence are deeply philosophical. Current Issues in Research on Intelligence. Research has confirmed that the extent to which experience will attenuate age-related decline depends on the relationship between experience and decision performance on the task of interest. This includes recognizing problem situations and transforming them into more clearly defined problems. Provide a numerical estimate of heritibility Definition C. Fluid intelligence appears to be one determinant of how efficiently information can be acquired during the schema-acquisition period.
However, he thought that the best indicators of g were those tests that reflected what he called the eduction of relations and correlates, which included abilities such as , , problem solving, grasping relationships, inferring rules, and spotting differences and similarities. Aphasia Term The smallest distinctive sound of a language is a: A. Because successful job performance depends both on the processing of new information as well as prior experience, the life-span pattern of job performance may reflect the tradeoff between rising prior experience and declining analytic function. A major cause of mild mental retardation in children is excessive alcohol use by the mother during pregnancy. A 60-minute Core Battery may be administered, or additional data including delayed recall may be obtained by administering a 90-minute Expanded Battery. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that the genders differed the most in their A.