Because it was the first break-through, and it was a national. The goals of this organization are to improve housing standards and conditions, provide an adequate home financing system through insurance of mortgage loans, and to stabilize the mortgage market. Hendrix Hendricks , Thomas Henry, Henry, Jr. One of them, a man named Sean, says he see parallels between the sit down strikers and the occupy movement. After World War I, their lands were divided up between Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey.
These grievances led to a series of strikes, conducted without official union approval, during the summer and early fall of 1936. Justice Department and Navy Intelligence. In a conventional strike the union takes its members outside the plant and attempts to prevent the employer from operating by depressing other employees from entering. Committees for such things as cleaning up, exercise, security, entertainment, and defense were quickly assembled, and the property of the company was strictly kept from harm. Frank Murphy called in the National Guard -- to go to the plants and protect workers from police and corporate thugs. The former occurred January 11 when city police in riot gear tried to storm the weakly-held Fisher 2 plant. Most of the other interviews are of rank-and-file workers who participated in the strike.
The impact of the Flint sit-down strike reverberated well beyond the auto industry. The first sit-down strike occurred in 1936, when workers at three rubber plants in , , went on an unauthorized strike as part of a campaign to force their employer to recognize the United Rubber Workers as their legitimate bargaining agent. In early December a sitdown at Kelsey-Hayes Wheel Company in Detroit forced union recognition. Sit-down tactics were later used effectively by Civil Rights activists and students protesting the 1964 —1975. Spain gave us our first taste of defeat, and because of her we discovered with an enduring shock that one can be right and still be defeated, that sheer force can trample the human spirit underfoot, and that there are times when courage goes unrewarded. Steel signed an agreement with recognizing the Steel Workers' Organizing Committee as the bargaining representative for its members. They were too shy to even stammer their thanks.
After World War I, their lands were divided up between Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. Fansteel Metallurgical Corp 1939 , the Supreme Court ruled constituted an illegal occupation of private property. Murphy even succeeded in arranging a truce in which the union would evacuate the plants in exchange for a company pledge not to remove machinery or open the plants for fifteen days. Who Built America: Working People and the Nation's Economy, Politics, Culture, and Society, Vol. The foreman pushed the button and the skeleton bodies, already partly assembled when they got to this point, began to rumble forward.
Abernathy of Ann Arbor, Michigan. At a meeting of carefully selected Chevrolet workers which deliberately included company spies, Bob Travis announced a sitdown at Chevrolet No. Over the course of the strike, the men elected their own officials to maintain order within the plant. What if we should be killed? Murphy was a New Deal Governor par excellence. The future was unknown for these brave, defiant workers who feared losing their jobs, the threat of police intervention and even of their families abandoning them while they were locked inside.
Scobey, Maurice Severance, Robert Severin, John Simmons, Orvel Simons, B. Workers established courts to punish infractions of rules. She spent many nights working with her mother, Ida, a red-caped beret-wearing brigade member, who fought bravely to deter the company's actions. To access a downloadable article about this memorial, go to:. In several subsequent local strikes, the A. Suddenly police closed off all traffic approaches to the plant. The strike ended after 44 days on Feb.
General Motors was forced to halt production at Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Deleo-Remy, and numerous other plants. This would have given away the strikers' strongest point, their possession of the plants, but it was scotched when the union labelled G. Schoolchildren, including sons and daughters of strikers, were told by their teachers to write essays about why the strike was wrong. Carey, Sue Carpenter, Plez Carter, Nick Carter, Ross W. There are also some interviews with individuals who sat in at Standard Cotton Products, an automotive supplier in Flint, soon after the big strike. Beach, Henry Beagle, Charles E.
Hardy, Russell Harmon, Leon Harrison, Hartley, Hassman, C. This growing polarization made Franklin Roosevelt's landslide reelection as president seem a referendum on the industrial , especially in working-class communities. The two sides signed a formal agreement on February 11, 1936. Nelson Lichtenstein See also American Federation of Labor —Congress of Industrial Organizations ; Labor ; National Labor Relations Board v. The others headed for the office where Evan Parker, the plant manager, greeted them as smooth as silk. The reality facing unions today is dramatically different today than 75 years ago.
And one of the big things they said was they blamed the Communists. To access a downloadable article about this memorial, go to:. Nelson Lichtenstein See also American Federation of Labor —Congress of Industrial Organizations ; Labor ; National Labor Relations Board v. Despite the failure of the union to win control over the production rates, a Fisher No. A good percentage of them supported Franklin Roosevelt and Frank Murphy simply because those politicians portrayed themselves as champions of the little guy, and not because of any perceived ideological slant to the Democratic platform. The main points of contention concerned the lowering of piece rates, the length of the workday, and management's continued harassment of union members and activists. This revealed the judge as a party in interest and made the injunction worthless, as well as showing dramatically the corporation's power over government.