According to , he was born in the district of , , as the son of. He knew that the success of any settlement in Greenland would need the support of as many people as possible. Consequently, if this is to be trusted, Bjarni Herjólfsson was the first European to see America beyond Greenland, and the two unnamed shipwrecked men were the first people known to Europeans to have made landfall there. The Icelanders later sentenced Erik to exile for three years for killing Eyiolf the Foul around the year 982. This map gives an idea of the locations of various places in the Viking world — and the routes taken by Erik the Red and Leif Erikson.
He was tossed about a long time out at sea, and lighted upon lands of which before he had no expectation. Only fourteen ships finished the voyage, but Erik and his family were among the survivors. Eventually, a grew, but many people suggest it formed part of the Western Settlement. More than five hundred Icelanders agreed to follow him to Greenland, but it was a very dangerous trip and many died on the way. Leif decided that this land required a more careful examination. The location of Vinland has been debated over the centuries, and has been identified as a variety of spots along the northern Atlantic coast.
Leif Erickson thus became the first European confirmed to have set foot on North American soil. Today wild grapes grow only as far north as Massachusetts, but it is likely that the climate has changed over the centuries. Though Leif's birthplace is not accounted for in the sagas, it is likely he was born in , where his parents met —probably somewhere on the edge of , and possibly at the farm Haukadal where Thjóðhild's family is said to have been based. An island lay in the south-east off the land, and they found bears thereon, and called the island Bjarney Bear Island ; but the mainland, where the forest was, they called Markland forest-land. When Erik grew up, he became involved in a feud that caused him to be exiled from Iceland for three years as punishment for murder.
Where Did Erik The Red Die? Nothing is mentioned about his death in the sagas—he probably died in Greenland some time between these dates. He was very violent and his temper was beyond control. In the final summer he explored as far north as Snaefell and into Hrafnsfjord. In the summer of 999, his son Leif Erikson left Greenland and traveled to Norway. Erik the Red was considered as the father of Leif.
Science for Kids Website on Leif Eriksson — Statue of Leif Eriksson Near the Minnesota State Capitol Leif Eriksson was the son of Erik the Red, the great Nordic explorer and warrior. By that time, the famous sagas about Erik and Leif had been written down. The Ingstads demonstrated that Norsemen had reached America about 500 years before. The young Erik accompanied him living in exile. There were mountains, and the place was fair to look upon.
The settlement in Vinland only lasted three years after Snorri was born before its inhabitants returned to Greenland. Before he left, he named the newly discovered land after its grapevines, calling it Vinland. Specifically, 11th-century Norse explorer Leif Erikson has been credited with sailing to Newfoundland and Labrador, along with establishing the first settlements in an area referred to as Vinland, a full 500 years before Columbus even set foot on a ship. Lyndon B Johnson and each President since have done so. . In the Grœnlendinga saga, Karlsefni and the others settle in a place that is only referred to as Vinland, while in Erik the Red's Saga, they form two base settlements: Straumfjǫrðr where they spend winter and the following spring, and Hop, where they later settle and run into problems with the natives, as depicted in the Grœnlendinga saga. He was convinced he could set up a colony and started to recruit settlers.
On his second voyage he found Vinland believed to be Labrador. As winter approached, he decided to encamp there and broke his party into two groups — one to remain at camp and the other to explore the country. Tradition credits also known as Gunnbjörn Ulf-Krakuson with the first sighting of the land-mass. Eriksson is believed to have died young, aged only about 40. Nothing further is known about his family beyond the succession of Thorkell as chieftain. On his way back to Iceland, Leif landed and discovered North America.
Thorgils was later sent to Leif in Greenland, but he did not become popular. The father and son team of Erik the Red and Leif Erikson represent the most famous Viking explorers. After venturing further by sea, he landed the second time in a forested place he named Markland Forest Land; possibly Labrador. Leif had two brothers, whose names were and , and a sister,. Thorstein, Erik's son, was chief mover in this, a worthy man, wise and much liked. The western outreaches of the Norse empire eventually lost contact with the European world. While living in Iceland, he was charged with killing two men and sent into exile for three years.