Constitution — likely because they both developed during the Enlightenment. These ideas appealed to people who started to doubt the existence of God and question why a being so powerful placed inept and corrupt people in power. The Intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment occupies an important position in the growth of Western civilization. An important note to point out is that the Enlightenment added a more secular environment to colonial life, which had always been based on religion. The predominant theme of rationalism is that concepts and knowledge can be gained independently of sense experience—we can think our way to truth.
Instead of trying to understand how God orchestrated everything in their lives, people started to consider how they might shape the world around them. People Inspired People John Locke stressed the importance of natural rights, democracy, and the idea that the government is for the people. However, although some changes and reforms were implemented, most of these rulers did not fundamentally change absolutist rule. Gonzalas When Pshycology became the smartest ology in the World. They also inspired Andrew Jackson who used these ideas of Democracy to create the Democratic Party.
Locke and Jefferson were concerned with the political representation of middle-class men and above, but their descendants applied democracy more broadly. Don't confuse the Enlightenment philosophy of republicanism with the modern political party. You will be lucky to avoid leaving your head on a scaffold for having sought the slaughter of so many men. Unlike England, which after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 had become spiritually stagnant under the Church of England, the colonists adhered to no single denomination. This was especially true of the relationship between people and the institutions in authority over them.
Reactions A period in which people began to question everything, and a period that resulted in changes in science, art, politics, religion, philosophy, and the general way of thinking. Things like prayer, , and a personal relationship with God are nonsensical. No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed by law. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. Government as Contract Another effect of the Great Awakening on colonial culture was the growth of the notion of state rule as a contract with the people. How will the events of the Revolution lead to the rise of Napoleon? Some acts passed include the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts. At first, such philosophy circulated only among the educated elite.
The First took place mostly within the old Congregational denominations of New England and in Philadelphia, while the Second was associated with tent revivals and missionaries around the country and launched new denominations. Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible. The Legacy of the Enlightenment But the Enlightenment was more than just the philosophical background for the American Revolution - it was a blueprint for a modern democratic society. One of the most notable effects, occurred when the French people, inspired by the Enlightenment, fought for the notions of equality, liberty, and fraternity. Robespierre has Danton and his supporters executed as traitors in April 1794 National Convention turns on Robespierre Denounced as a tyrant, arrested and sentenced to death in the Guillotine Robespierre's death ends the Terror and the Radical phase of the Revolution.
The American Revolution was all about independence from Britain. This Wikipedia article gives you an in-depth overview of the Age of Enlightenment. While these philosophers set the stage for change in the United States, John Locke is credited with prompting citizens to turn words into action. Key figures in the founding of the United States such as Thomas Jefferson were greatly influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment which meant that the country was as well. The effect of the war was the ultimate break down of the British empire.
Every person is supposedly born with the natural rights of life liberty and property. Through cataclysmic events such as world earthquakes in 1727 and 1755, expectations of the new millennial age increased. Protestants also spurred science, indirectly by weakening the Catholic Church and directly by supporting education and literacy. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule. History provides an interesting perspective because today many people assume that supporters of church-state separation oppose religion when often they just oppose government involving itself in religion. All aspects of life, even religion, were affected by the Enlightenment and many key figures from American history such as Thomas Jefferson were greatly influenced by the movement.
Imagine how different trials would be if juries had to worry about being imprisoned by judges. The judge then went after the jury but an ensuing trial and counter-suit resulted in English judges losing their right to imprison juries for awarding what judges deemed to be incorrect verdicts. Video: The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Greek root of the word evangelical means , or bearer of good news. They wanted to rid themselves of a monarchy ruled by the royals, clergy and aristocrats. But the most popular and dynamic of the new ministers was , who preached throughout the colonies outside of churches, in the streets.