Institutional approach-Here the study lays stress on the formal structures of a political organization like legislature, executive and judiciary. Politics also deals with power. Besides, there is no consensus of opinion among experts as to its methods, principles and conclusions. Nova Science Publishers, New York. This is the concept of positive liberty.
After lapse of only six years, it again attacked India on Deceihber3, 1971, which resulted into total rout of Pakistan during two weeks' war and also secession of Eastern Pakistan in the form of People's Democratic Republic of Bangla Desh. With the development of the application of higher and sophisticated techniques to the analysis of political science, the importance and role of model have considerably increased. This is the reason why Laski, Gilchrist, Gattell and others have included the study of both the State and the Government in the scope of Political Science. Or Whether Political Science is really a Science? Recent political theory is trying to redefine the issues of liberty, equality and justice in the context of ultimate values of common good. Some Critical Distinctions Politics and Economics : Robert A. Again both are the study of society and also mould the progress of society.
It deals with the nature and formation of the State and tries to understand various forms and functions of the Government, just as the scholars differ in regard to the definition of Political Science, so they differ in regard to its scope too. Study of political behavior of man- it may be said that the character of political science in all its parts is determined by its basic per-supposition regarding man. It is claimed that in the preparation of theory the researcher strictly follows what the facts reveal. Indi'-a Gandhi and former Prime Minister Mr. The task of theory is to analyse the present political phenomena and not with the evaluation of what is happening and what should happen. The facts of natural sciences are susceptible of evaluation; they are governed by uniform and invariable laws, each particle of matter is identical with every other of its own kind. Justice and its Relationship with Liberty and Equality The nineteenth century scholars like Lord Acton and Alexis de Tocqueville considered liberty and equality as incompatible.
As the state grew in size and became more complex, Political Science acquired a realistic and secular non-religious approach. By power of the government, we think of the different aspects of government. Likewise, in a society some people have more income and some have less. These results indeed may not be so accurate or so easily tested but as we shall see, the various subjects, with which we deal, present a systematized mass of material which is capable of being treated by ordinary scientific methods. According to this view politics, in fact, is the manifestation of civilised and ordered society. However, this state of affairs does not violate equality provided two conditions are met: a absence of privileges and b equality of opportunity a Absence of privileges strengthens equality; the existence of privileges would, conversely, promote inequality.
It is also the bounden duty of any authority to see that cooperation among individuals and institution comes to be a salient feature. The instances given above make it crystal clear that the politics of one country is very different from that of the others. Garner says that historical approach brings in review the great political movements of the past, traces the organic development of the national life, inquiries into the growth of political ideas from their inception to their realisation in objective institutions, discovers the moral idea as revealed in history and thereby points out the ways of progress. The national honor society for college and university students of government and politics in the United States is. Many feminists are of the opinion that inside the private world of family man exercises power or dominance over woman. It is also true that its development is not always continuous. It focuses on human nature and the moral purposes of political association.
Objectives After studying this lesson you will be able to explain the meaning of Political Science in the light of some standard definitions; distinguish between Political Science and Politics; describe the scope of Political Science in terms of role of the State, functions of government and its relationship with citizens; recognize the relevance of Justice for citizens and State. Words: 287 - Pages: 2. Additionally, they are blaming the recent attacks in France on the terrorists who had gained access through the same borders posing as refugees who are fleeing from war. Growing up in the Virgin Islands my generation has heard and seen very little positive talks about politics. Government- intuitions that have the authority and capacity to create and enforce public policies rules for a specific territory and people. In dealing with the present it attempts to describe and classify existing political institutions and ideas. Empirical statements are true or false by virtue of what observation shows to be the case.
In Political Science we study the present in the light of the past and try to become the seers of the future. They measure the success of and specific policies by examining many factors, including , , , and. Politics was practised among small number of men and in the process of final decisions only few and experts participated. Words: 954 - Pages: 4. Such evolutions and variations, past and present, in the ideasand practices behind the organisation and administration of humansocieties are the proper subjects of Political Science.
For him, it comprised of not only the institutions of state or government but also family, property and other social institutions. The scope of Political Science includes the study of the role of the State, functions of Government and its relationship with citizens. When Locke began to write his treatise liberal thought was about to flourish and because of that he strongly advocated for liberalism. In nineteenth century the Individualists though that the chief functions of the State were three: to protect the country from foreign invasion; to maintain law and order; and to let the mutual agreements come into being. Miller also says that if there were no disagreement among individuals, groups or organisations, political action or activity could not get any scope to emerge. Their sole purpose is to satisfy the transitory public interests. With Almas Heshmati and Hichem Karoui 1st ed.