The fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers in pursuit of interests that are often defined in a distant metropolis. It is a story of a great wrestler and elder of a Nigerian clan comprised of several villages. Chinua Achebe is a novelist specializing in African literature, and this essay deals with the themes regarding colonialism in one of his many novels. So here's Achebe's quandary: how does he remain a hardcore critic of a colonial regime that imposes its language on a native population when he himself writes and writes so well in English—the tongue of the colonizer? He should have known that the kingdom of God did not depend on large crowds. That means the writer is forced to translate his or her culture in another language; perhaps the writer even lives his or her own culture in translation. It is seen that Achebe timelessly uses proverbs in these novels both to preserve Ibo culture and language as well as to show their value not only to him, but to the entire Ibo community.
When Okonkwo returns to his village he sees the major transformations that Umuofia has undergone during his exile. Colonization in Things Fall Apart Essay The villagers of Umuofia have been changed by colonialism throughout the novel Things Fall Apart by becoming more fearful of the change of traditions, gaining a desire for change, and gaining a feeling of having their traditions destroyed. Again this was the message. People start to forget it and, pretty soon, you have whole generations who no longer speak the Igbo tongue for example because they're speaking English or some other language. Chapter 17 Colonization 3: Already the introduction of a foreign element, in this case religion, begins to tear the structural fabric of the Ibo society. Also, many of those who had twins or children who died while still infants looked at the situation much differently. The young women who wanted to have children would just go under the tree.
Before Achebe wrote Things Fall Apart, all the novels that had been written about Africa and Africans were written by Europeans. During this time, Achebe was developing work as a writer. Unhappy with the change, Okonkwo and other villagers come together to drive the white missionaries out of their land. Look at the bottom of the page to identify which edition of the text they are referring to. Each aspect of their lives and culture were consumed by English's belief systems.
Also, as many of the natives ran to the new Christian faith, many family bonds were broken. Things took a drastic turn for the worse while Okonkwo was absent from his village, resulting in a return to a place he barely knew. For the countries in Asia, Africa and South America, the experience of colonialism plays an important role in the process of understanding their history. He is best known for his novel 1958. But when a father beats his child, it seeks sympathy in its mother's hut. I had six wives once. The tribe is in trouble, and Okonkwo knows there is nothing he can do to stop the death of all he holds dear, as is reflected in the following passage: The white man is very clever.
The invasion of the colonising force threatens to change almost every aspect of Igbo society; from religion, traditional gender roles and relations, family structure to trade. Understanding that his clan will not go to war, Okonkwo wipes his machete free of blood and departs. However, in how Okonkwo and his tribesmen practice their tradition, it can be seen that colonialism also has good effects since it has stripped the rather inhumane and illogical practices of the people such as how they exalt cultural violence. He made him feel grown-up; and they no longer spent the evenings in mother's hut while she cooked, but now say with Okonkwo in his obi, or watched him as he tapped his palm tree for the evening wine. Okoye, meanwhile, took the lump of chalk, drew some lines on the floor, and then painted his big toe.
It serves as a reminder to the people of Nigeria of their heritage and of what once was. Every man can see it in his own compound. And others, such as Okonkwo, were angered by the coming of the white men, as he felt they would ruin the Igbo society. Things Fall Apart is a novel displaying the effects colonialism plays on a region. Although the coming of the white man was not feared by all, some, such as Nwoye, desired something more.
With religion acting as the foothold, it makes it easier for a foreign government to take over because most religions advocate peace and control a great part of people's lives. Lesson Summary Taking a closer look at language in Things Fall Apart' by Chiuna Achebe allows us to delve into a look at Okonkwo, the main character. When we gather together in the moonlit village ground it is not because of the moon. Print Secondary Source : 1. To learn more, visit our. The life of an Igbo tribe on the very cusp of the time when the wave of colonization washed over Africa set in Nigeria.
Doing so earned him a lot of accolades and honours. Colonial and Post Colonial Literature has taught us that there is always another voice and another side of a story. Critical Reception of Things Fall Apart. Now he has won our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one. Things Fall Apart shows the colonization of Umuofia by the British and the violent changes this brought about in the lives of the tribe members. He tells the district commissioner exactly how he feels: That man was one of the greatest men in Umuofia.