A study on the role of computers in adult education. Most educators and professionals do not consider it appropriate to use such as encyclopedias as a sole source for any information—citing an encyclopedia as an important reference in footnotes or bibliographies may result in censure or a failing grade. The reference format varies slightly depending on the document type e. Example of Wikipedia reference list: With this list, you can visit the sources directly and find the yourself. It is not italicized, but the book title following it is. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone.
Keep in mind that Wikipedia articles aren't often accepted as reputable sources for academic papers. If there are multiple headings on the page, it is also acceptable to place the subheading and then a paragraph number within that heading. It is commonly used for citing sources within the field of behavioral and. Simply write down the article's title followed by a period. You can do this manually, or you can use Wikipedia's automatic citation option.
That being said, it is recommended to include the retrieval date in your reference page citation. Normal academic usage of Wikipedia and other is for getting the general facts of a problem and to gather keywords, references and bibliographical pointers, but not as a source in itself. Write the date if it is possible to find the precise time of publication. Reference your citation in your paper. Newspaper Articles in Print: Structure: Frost, L.
Most teachers and publications don't accept it as a valid reference. The gifts of imperfection: Let go of who you think you're supposed to be and embrace who you are. Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project. If you are planning on using Citation Machine, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Add the date of publication, if possible. History In the History section, you can find every previous version of the article and see exactly how it has evolved over time.
Web Retrieval Date, web address. Examples: Strange case of Dr. Clicking it will bring you to a listing of relevant information, as well as automatically generated citations in several styles. With close to 116,000 members, they provide educational opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for everything psychology related. The is an organization created for individuals in the psychology field. This is the date you accessed the information.
Examples of how to cite Wikipedia Wikipedia has a tool to generate citations for particular articles. Talk In the Talk section, anyone can leave a comment for the site administrators concerning a piece of information that may be incorrect or requires further verification. Our citation should read as follows: Jimmy Carter. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 9 , 907-923. Full citations for all of the in-text citations are found here. Remember that, as Wikipedia articles can change as they are updated, it is important that you record the date that you consulted the source.
Science, 326 5951 , 445-449. This is done for many reasons. Your title may take up one or two lines. Many question It can be edited by anyone with an account. Alternately, you could always consult with the party before the deadline to make sure it's acceptable.
Does this mean Wikipedia contains bad information? Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation. Before using Wikipedia for research, check with your professor or editor to see if they will accept a wiki as a source. When citing, follow the example below: Psychology. Citing your work is evidence enough to the reader that you have researched and read extensively before coming up with those points. Therefore, the first step when considering using Wikipedia as a source is to find out whether there are any rules that apply in your institution.
. Here is what the has to say on the subject: Can students and researchers cite Wikipedia articles in academic writing? Only a sample of citation and reference formats can be listed here. However, select pages, like the , still include this information. When the reader is in doubt at some point, they can always refer to your citation and find out what they needed to know. Include a paragraph number if you want to direct your reader to a specific passage.
A retrieval date is only necessary if the source is likely to change ex. Such failure also violates Wikipedia's license, which is a violation of copyright law. In 1944, a 32-page guide appeared as an article in the same journal. Alternatively, you might be studying something that actually includes Wikipedia as one of the topics. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words. It may or may not be desirable to adopt this approach, depending upon the context of your reference.