By 1900, more than six thousand high schools existed across the country with free textbooks available to all students. With the launch of the steamship, the passage to America, which had once been quite dangerous, was now safe, fast, and affordable. Especially in the summer months, infants and children were extremely susceptible to diarrheal diseases. But the advantages here alluded to are trifling when compared with the increased facilities of obtaining good and cheap land in every State and Territory of the Union. Garbage piled up on porches and in the streets, creating an overwhelming stench and attracting hordes of disease-carrying rodents. For one, high prices kept the use of electricity and water down. The immigrants, with their languages and traditions, contributed to the rich ethnic mix of the United States.
Medical facilitators in urban areas opened free dispensaries and clinics where sick patients could receive medicine, medical advice and treatment. But throughout the nineteenth century, the population living in cities rose faster than the rural population. A farm girl from Massachusetts named Clara Barton spent countless hours gathering supplies and providing care for troops during the Civil War. There were no children to bring home knowledge of the English language and American customs from school as the children of earlier immigrant groups had done. The 1854 greatly expanded the City of Philadelphia to its present borders, coterminous with.
City residents discovered that with growth and advancement came grim consequences. Such rash economic development and fast growing of urban population stipulated emergence of many serious problems in urban communities not known earlier. At one point, Chicago would be the world's. The gang problem became much more serious in the 19th century, and by 1900, the streets of New York were dominated by four large gangs -- the Gophers, the Hudson Dusters, the Monk Eastman Gang and the Five Pointers. The answers to these questions came later in the nineteenth century with the emergence of germ theory. Another popular form of urban entertainment at the turn of the century was the amusement park. Life in the late 1800s saw America's urban population expand rapidly.
However, as more and more people crowded into these small neighborhoods, living conditions worsened. In contrast to earlier immigrants, many of these new immigrants were illiterate and poor, had little experience with democratic governments, and included followers of Judaism and Orthodox Christianity. By this point, Mary was extremely untrusting of any health officials and frequently acted aggressively towards them. By stressing personal hygiene, however, responsibility for sickness was placed on the individual. Rank City State Population Notes 1 7,322,564 New York City gained population during the 1980s after heavy losses in the 1970s. To resolve this problem many city leaders championed education to secure social order in a disorderly age. Slum gangs typically relied on petty theft and shoplifting to survive, but many members moved on to more serious crimes, such as burglary and even murder.
Rockefeller and founded the American Red Cross. The federal government also encouraged immigration under the Contract Labor Law of 1864. Although most working women were young and unmarried from the lower social classes, teaching and nursing were among the few socially acceptable vocations for middle and upper-class women. They simply dug a small trench into the ground outside of their homes. Rank City State Population Notes 1 7,781,984 First ever population drop for New York City.
Everywhere the orderly patterns of existence appeared interrupted; the cities seemed to be overwhelmed by the rush of social change Ward, 1972, p. The airshafts became giant silos for trash. Gangs were involved in strong-arm robbery, gang warfare and political corruption. New Immigration Approximately two to three million immigrants entered the United States during each decade from 1850 to 1880. Chinatowns provided these men some sense of community in a foreign environment. Often while the first generation immigrants struggled to maintain their culture, the children shed the customs of the Old World to adopt new American traditions. Stories of corruption at Castle Garden prompted a Congressional investigation, which led to the facility closing in 1890.
Unlike the highly literate immigrants who bought land and started businesses in America decades earlier, the new immigrants were largely illiterate and willing to accept low paying industrial jobs in the city. Unlike many members from the middle and upper-class societies who viewed charity work as their responsibility to help the needy, settlement workers hoped to benefit personally by experiencing different ways of life and learning first-hand knowledge that could not be taught in the classroom. Appeal of the City In the decades following the Civil War, many Americans migrated from farms and small country towns to the growing cities. The influx of immigrants played a major role in shaping the U. Urban families realized that most likely at least one of their children would not reach the age of five.
By 1890, New York became the second largest city in the world with 3. But, Napoleon met his match at the Battle Of Waterloo in 1816 Belgium against combined forces of the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria and Prussia led by the Duke of Wellington. Grant 18th President Events From the 1870 to 1879 1870 The Franco-Prussian War John D. Still, life in the city was actually less dangerous than life in the country. The majority of Chinese immigrants were single males who came to earn their fortune in America.