When the patient collapses, what should the nurse do first? Assessing potassium, not sodium, is essential. Orthostatic blood pressure measurements decrease of more than 20 mm Hg systolic, decrease of more than 10 mm Hg diastolic, and 10% to 20% increase in heart rate are used to determine the presence of postural hypotension. From this the heart works as a pump to transport and push blood to our organs…. Ans: B Feedback: Hepatojugular reflux, a sign of right-sided heart failure, is assessed with the head of the bed at a 45-degree angle. The risk for atherosclerosis development is increased. Elastic connective tissue and fibrous connective tissue d. If you are looking for information on the Cardiovascular System then you are definitely in the right place.
A healthy heart muscle requires how much blood supply? You would bleed to death. A patient who is at high risk for developing intracardiac thrombi has been placed on long-term anticoagulation. A murmur is the sound caused by turbulent blood flow through the heart. No permanent damage occurs to the valves. C Palpate the radial pulse while auscultating the apical pulse. Which of the following blood tests is most indicative of cardiac damage? The greatest danger with aneurysms is thrombus formation. Option A: Aortic valve abnormalities are heard at the second intercostal space, to the right of the sternum.
What are the heart valves: pulmonic valve, aortic valve, mitral valve, tricuspid valve. Increased vasodilation and enhanced myocardial contractility D. Internet Explorer and Firefox Users: Click the links below to open the medical record activity in your browser. The nurse is responsible for knowing compatible solutions before administering dopamine Intropin. Condition where cardiac output is less than the demand b. Pericarditis and pulmonary edema do not result from this pathophysiological process.
A Facilitate the presence of friends and family whenever possible. The epicardium does not line the heart chambers or the coronary vessels and does not contract and pump blood from the ventricles. Plaques build up on the wall of the vessel and weaken it, causing an aneurysm. Which of the following types of cardiomyopathy does not affect cardiac output? Which of the following cardiac conditions does a fourth heart sound S4 indicate? As your read the medical record, click the underlined term to hear its pronunciation. This procedure is a noninvasive way to assess the structure of the heart.
Dextrose would cause more fluid to be removed from the body which could lead to additional renal damage. What is the most common complication of a myocardial infarction? There is an increased blood clotting risk. What happens when a clot occurred in an undamaged blood vessel? The etiology in most cases is unknown. The function of the baroreceptors is to: a. Atherosclerosis is the build-up of fatty plaques on the walls of arteries.
Following Levophed administration, it is essential to the nurse to assess: A. C Measure everything you eat and drink until otherwise instructed. Systolic murmur heard at Erbs point c. A microbe of low virulence attacks abnormal or damaged heart valves. What tissues within the artery wall that helps maintain diastolic blood pressure should the nurse identify for the patient? A 60-year-old client after D.
Which patient laboratory result is most important to communicate as soon as possible to the health care provider? A patient is scheduled for a cardiac catheterization with coronary angiography. Serum pH below normal range d. Choices A, B, and C may occur but are not necessarily increased in frequency in elderly clients. It is not necessary to ask the patient to hold his or her breath during cardiac auscultation. An atrial gallop may be heard in older clients because of a stiffened ventricle. Toxicity from which of the following medications may cause a client to see a green halo around lights? The client does not need cardiac enzymes, an electrocardiogram, or increased fluids. From the right ventricle to the left ventricle c.
Because of this relationship, contraction of the left ventricle pulls in the right ventricular wall, aiding its contraction. Heart rate below 60 D. If blood flow through the kidneys decreases, renal filtration decreases and urinary output decreases to preserve blood volume. What health problem do these symptoms suggest that the nurse should report to the physician? The nurse monitors blood pressure, but changes are not made based on short-term assessment results. Which of the following conditions is most commonly responsible for myocardial infarction? Which of the following parameters should be checked before administering digoxin? Aortic stenosis means the aortic valve: a.
Proximal to the renal arteries 39. The recorder stores the information about the patients rhythm until the end of the testing, when it is removed and the data are analyzed. Prolonged occlusion of the right coronary artery produces an infarction in which of the following areas of the heart? What anatomical structure is it a reference to? Slurred speech and confusion d. Bleeding problems and hemorrhage have been attributed to this interaction. Which of the following recurring conditions most commonly occurs in clients with cardiomyopathy? Therefore, clients with the syndrome are more likely to develop an aortic aneurysm. Here, the artery wall is brown with inner lumen blue. Blood begins to back up, More energy is expended with less positive results, Heart murmurs.
Competitive antagonism of which of the following occurs at ß receptor sites? Which patient factors is reflected by this pressure reading? Endomysium is the connective tissue covering of an individual muscle cell. Which of the following blood tests will tell the nurse that an adequate amount of drug is present in the blood to prevent arrhythmias? The other assessment techniques also need to be corrected. Lack of rest and sleep are not identified as factors to cause orthostatic hypotension. Obtain supine reading with patient lying with head of bed elevated 30 degrees for 30 minutes. In the presence of cardiac dysrhythmias, blood flow can become stagnant on these appendages leading to the formation of thrombi. Which of the following diagnostic tools is most commonly used to determine the location of myocardial damage? Which of the following heart diseases is unrelated to other cardiovascular diseases? A prolonged period of shock is likely to cause: a. The loss of sodium is accompanied by the loss of more water in urine, which decreases blood volume and therefore blood pressure as well.