Transylvania a plateau in northwest Romania. He succeeded on May 10, 1940, at the height of conquest of Western Europe. The destruction of some 6 million Jews by the Nazis and their followers in Europe between the years 1933-1945. German slang word for a prisoner who had given up fighting for life. He passed on information about the killings to Swedish representatives and Vatican papal nuncios. Hasidic Judaism arose in Poland about 1740 during a time of persecution against the Jews. Those too weak or too old to work were sent straight to the gas chambers, after all their possessions, including their clothes, were taken for resale in Germany.
He was also involved in the Anschluss of Austria and the administration of the Sudetenland. Hitler promptly declared him insane. Mass murder camp in eastern Poland. Established in May 1942 along with the Warsaw- Bialystok railway line, 870,000 people were murdered there. Term Scapegoat Definition An innocent person blamed for the problems of another.
Russians who were opposed the Bolshevik movement after the October 1917 revolution. Sighet sih geht a provincial Transylvanian town in the Carpathian Mountains in the far north of Romania near the Russian border, an area which was part of Hungary from 1941-1945, thus contributing to the confusion over Elie Wiesel's nationality. Their victims, primarily Jews, were executed by shooting and were buried in mass graves from which they were later exhumed and burned. Almost 45,000 Jews died there in 1941 alone, due to overcrowding, forced labor, lack of sanitation, starvation, and disease. At the outbreak of World War I, Hitler enlisted in the Bavarian Army, became a corporal and received the Iron Cross First Class for bravery. Although born in Austria, he settled in Germany in 1913.
One area of disagreement between Hasidic Judaism and Orthodox Judaism regards the current State of Israel. All were eventually destroyed as the Jews were deported to death camps. Prisoner in charge of a group of inmates in Nazi. The code name for this program was Aktion T-4. The prison staff earned the world's abhorrence for saving tattooed skins.
Irregular troops engaged in guerrilla warfare, often behind enemy lines. Often used by Holocaust victims generically to refer to any German police or military unit. Other kommandos depended on the job they were assigned to, such as woodcutting kommandos, factory kommandos or kitchen kommandos. A distinctive sign which Jews were compelled to wear in Nazi Germany and in Nazi-occupied countries. A training course for would-be immigrants to Palestine, usually conducted in Europe but sometimes upon arrival in Palestine. The first, the Reich Citizenship Law, deprived German Jews of their citizenship and all pertinent, related rights. He was in charge of the concentration camps and believed that the liquidation of the unhealthy and bad genes from society would help better and purify the Aryan race.
Name of a boat carrying 769 Jewish refugees which left Romania late in 1941. Before then, only Jews who fit one of the earlier categories were interned in camps. German Annexation of Austria by Germany on March 13, 1938. Nearly 125,000 prisoners of various nationalities were either worked or tortured to death at the camp before liberating American troops arrived in May 1945. Vichy France was that part of France not occupied by German troops until November 1942.
Organized in 1933 to protect the regime from political opposition. Swedish diplomat who, in 1944, went to Hungary on a mission to save as many Jews as possible by handing out Swedish papers, passports and visas. This was done in retaliation for the bombing of German administration buildings in occupied Kiev between September 24 and 28, 1941. A devoted worshipper of Hitler, Hess flew to Scotland on May 10, 1940 without the Führer's approval to a plea for Hitler's favor in an effort to make a peace agreement with Britain. It gained great popularity after World War I and was translated into many languages, encouraging antisemitism in France, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States. At least 250,000 Jews were killed there. Its purpose was not merely to count the prisoners but also to weaken, humiliate and intimidate them.
There is no such thing as an Aryan race. Horthy Nikolaus Horthy de Nagybanya, ruler of Hungary, supported Hitler's invasion of Yugoslavia and Russia. They tolerated a lively cultural life of theatre, music, lectures, and art. It imprisoned some 135,000 people, interned another 70,000, deported some 76,000 Jews, and sent 650,000 French workers to Germany. Rabbi, philosopher, and community leader in Berlin. Established in November 1940, the , surrounded by a wall, confined nearly 500,000 Jews. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per.
Abraham, son of an idol-maker, was the founder of monotheism in the Western world, the father of Isaac, and the grandfather of Jacob, who later changed his name to Israel and sired its twelve tribes. In October 1941, 20,000 Jews from Germany, Austria and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia were sent to the Lodz Ghetto. This doctrine brought them into conflict with National Socialism. Their skeletal faces were devoid of expression, and they seemed to have been overcome by despair and by the absence of the will to live. A dedicated Nazi bureaucrat who was appointed Minister of the Interior in 1933 where he was responsible for enacting Nazi racial laws. It was during this time that he wrote. In 1934, the chancellorship and presidency were united in the person of the Führer.
Hermann Göring was his sworn enemy. Hasidic Jews believe that prayer and acts of lovingkindness are means of reaching God. Kapo kah poh German term for trustees or guards chosen from the prisoners themselves. Galicia, near Kolomaye a Slavic territory in the northern Carpathian Mountains which lies partly in Poland and the Ukraine. The Nazis used Terezin to deceive public opinion. Unfortunately, those people who read the book except for his admirers did not take it seriously but considered it the ravings of a maniac.